A new course available on our e-learning platform will walk you through climate change negotiations with a focus on adaptation for vulnerable countries.


Read on to find out more!

Geneva, Switzerland – Climate negotiations organised through the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change are the primary platform for countries to define long-term cooperative action for addressing climate change and its impacts. A free online course published today guides participants towards a solid understanding of this complex negotiating environment, looking closely at negotiations on adaptation and their relevance for vulnerable countries, in particular LDCs, SIDS and African nations working with the Local Climate Adaptive Living Facility.

The self-paced course ‘International Climate Change Negotiations: Leveraging LoCAL Experience in Support of Climate Change Negotiations’ is available online on UN CC:e-Learn and aimed at climate negotiators from LoCAL participating countries, though technical staff, observers and interested individuals are also encouraged to sign up. The three-and-a-half-hour course brings together a decade of adaptation experience from the LoCAL Facility with the training and skills development expertise of the United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR), which developed the course.

“We are proud to offer this new online training to all those interested in advancing effective adaptation through negotiations,” said Sophie De Coninck, UNCDF’s Global Facility Manager for LoCAL. “We invite climate negotiators from the LDCs, SIDS and African nations implementing LoCAL to use and apply this course as part of our continued support for effective and sustainable adaptation that meets community needs in the most climate-vulnerable nations.”

The Local Climate Adaptive Living (LoCAL) facility, designed by the UN Capital Development Fund (UNCDF), promotes climate change-resilient communities and local economies through a standard, internationally recognised country-based mechanism that channels climate finance to local government authorities in developing countries, in particular the LDCs, SIDS and African nations. LoCAL aims to contribute with climate action and implementation, through the local level, to countries’ achievement of the Paris Agreement and the Sustainable Development Goals – particularly poverty eradication (SDG 1), sustainable cities and communities (SDG 11) and climate action (SDG 13). 

This latest training complements and builds on a previous one-hour UNITAR training: Financing Local Adaptation to Climate Change: an Introduction to Performance-Based Climate Resilience Grants and 4 day in person training course on the same topic. These two trainings serve as an introduction to the LoCAL Mechanism and LoCAL’s performance-based climate resilience grants (PBCRGs) – which ensure programming and verification of climate change expenditures at the local level while offering strong incentives for performance improvements in enhanced resilience – with technical and capacity-building support.

UNITAR provides high-quality learning solutions to address the capacity development needs of individuals, organizations and institutions ensuring that knowledge and experience is shared without barrier.

To successfully complete the course, participants must pass all three modules and associated quizzes scoring more than 70% within three attempts. Upon successful completion of the course, they will be awarded an official UNITAR certificate of completion.

Start learning today! 

Have you ever imagined a small island sinking due to rising of sea levels? Global warming has caused earth temperatures to rise and melted the polar ice caps. As a result, the volume of seawater rises, and eventually submerges the land. Human life including other living creatures, cultural heritage, and human civilization will disappear instantly. This is one of the worst possible impacts of climate change. Obviously, climate change has brought about substantial negative impacts on ecosystems, infrastructure, health, and livelihoods of people around the world. 

In the Conference of the Parties – United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP-UNFCCC), material loss and damage to ecosystems, infrastructure, etc. is a priority for many vulnerable countries due to the severe climate change impacts they are experiencing. For many small island states, such impacts pose an existential threat. 

This type of issue is known in climate change negotiations as “Loss and Damage”.

What we need to understand is that the impacts of climate change are permanent (irrecoverable), so there is no going back to the way things were. 

According to a 2022 report made by the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP), almost half of all-natural disasters on earth is of a climate disaster. The recent devastating wildfires of 2022 in the US and Canada are the result of a long heatwave in the northern hemisphere; severe drought threatens Africa with widespread famine; and flash floods in Pakistan have affected 30 million people.

Over the past fifty years, climate-related disasters around the world have killed an average of 115 people, with more than 91% occurring in developing countries. The current level of global loss and damage is actually difficult to calculate, but it is estimated to be no less than US$ 200 million every day. During the period from 1970 – 2019, more than 11,000 climate disasters have occurred in the world. This has led to more than two million deaths and financial losses of US$ 3.64 trillion.

In Indonesia, more than 90% of disasters that occur are due to meteorological disasters (including floods and landslides) driven by the climate crisis. The result of a study undertaken by the National Development Planning Agency (the Bappenas) shows that Indonesia is threatened to experience economic losses of IDR 544 T due to the climate crisis during the period 2020 – 2024. Around 80% of it is due to coastal damages; and the rest are losses due to decreased agricultural production (rice), health related problems, and clean water supply. 

Global Negotiation

The issue of Loss and Damage (LD) has been discussed for a long time since the UN climate change negotiations in 1991. At that time, Vanuatu, representing island countries under the Association of Small Island Countries (AOSIS), proposed the establishment of an insurance scheme for countries that could potentially be submerged due to rising of sea levels caused by global warming and climate change. 

According to the developing countries, global negotiations on LD have not been “fair” enough. The Maldives, for example, contributes only 0.03 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions, but sea level rise is a real threat to the country as four-fifths of its islands are only one meter above sea level. Similarly, the entire continent of Africa contributes only 3.8 percent to global greenhouse gas emissions, yet the continent is the most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change and has long suffered severe loss and damage. Politicians and civil society stakeholders in several developing countries have highlighted the responsibility of developed countries in causing climate change and called on them to compensate for the losses and damages.

LD gained momentum in 2013 when Parties agreed to establish the Warsaw International Mechanism (WIM) for Loss and Damage associated with Climate Change Impacts. The mechanism is intended to facilitate dialogue, fill knowledge gaps, and enhance action and support for countries experiencing loss and damage.

At COP-25 in Madrid in 2019, Parties agreed to establish the  ‘Santiago Network’ on Loss and Damage, to act as a bridge between developing countries, developed countries, and international agencies providing aid/loans for development. 

At COP-26 in Glasgow in 2022, LD received a considerable amount of attention. The ‘Glasgow Climate Pact’ eventually included a specific section on LD and urged developed countries and international aid agencies to provide more assistance for LD-related activities. The Parties agreed to hold a dialogue to discuss arrangements for funding activities to prevent, minimize and address loss and damage associated with the adverse impacts of climate change. The ‘Glasgow Dialogue’ will run until June 2024.

At COP-27 in Sharm el-Sheikh in December last year, the Parties finally agreed on a funding mechanism for Loss and Damage (LD) due to the recent escalation of climate disasters in various parts of the world. Parties only recently realized the importance of this being addressed immediately and collectively. 

What do we need to do?

The COP-27 agreement to create an LD funding mechanism is a historical moment. It is something that climate-vulnerable developing countries have been working towards for decades, despite the lack of support from developed countries. However, it has yet to be decided where the fund will be placed, within or outside the UNFCCC’s framework, what types of activities will it support, how it will be managed, which countries will be eligible to receive the support, and who will contribute financially.

At COP-27, Parties agreed to establish a ‘transition committee’ that will take a look at this issue in more depth, and will make recommendations for Parties to consider at this year’s COP-28 in Abu Dhabi.

The Government of Indonesia (GoI) should capitalize on this funding opportunity by reviewing its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) commitments to focus more on mitigation efforts. LD should serve as a buffer when mitigation efforts are constrained by uncertain global dynamics.

LD-related Ministries/Agencies such as the Bappenas, the Ministry of Forestry and Environment, the Ministry of Finance, and the Ministry of Public Works and Housing should take the initiative to initiate this effort. 

A transparent and participatory LD dialogue involving state and non-state actors needs to be conducted immediately, especially to identify vulnerable coastal areas where more than 50 million people live (Bappenas, 2021). This includes other areas that are vulnerable due to disrupted hydrological cycles (floods, landslides). Governance and institutionalization of the government should lead to technical interventions to solve problems at the local level.

In addition, it is necessary to identify politically realistic steps that can be taken in the short, medium, and long term to build a shared vision by involving all stakeholders including people with disabilities, as this group is the most vulnerable to the impact of LD. The contestation of the 2024 Indonesia’s General and Presidential Elections must also show serious attention to this issue, as it will be an important agenda for whoever received the mandate to run it later on.

An adaptive strategy needs to be created and developed together to deal with the impacts of climate disasters that are expected to increase in the coming years.

This article only reflects the personal view of Mr Doddy Sukadri, UN CC:Learn Ambassador and Executive Director of Yayasan Mitra Hijau (Green Partner Foundation) and Farham Helmy, Principal of Thamrin School of Climate Change and Sustainability and President of Pergerakan Disabilitas dan Lanjut Usia (DILANS-Indonesia).

UN CC:Learn and EmPower partnered up to train over 90 people from five Asian countries on the interlinkages between gender equality, human rights, climate action and renewable energy.


Read on to get a glimpse of the training.


Facilitating women’s access to renewable energy can increase gender equality and enhance the realization of their rights, while boosting climate action. That’s one of the key takeaways from the “Gender Equality and Human Rights in Climate Action and Renewable Energy” e-course, launched in November 2021. As a follow-up UN CC:Learn and EmPower joined forces once again to organize a two-day moderated e-workshop on the topics of the course with the purpose of enabling participants to delve deeper into them.

The “E-Workshop on Gender Equality and Human Rights in Climate Action and Renewable Energy” took place on 6th and 7th April 2022 and brought together 102 people – between participants and speakers – to discuss, among other things, how women’s access to renewable energy can positively affect gender equality, human rights, and climate action. The e-workshop aimed to contextualize the knowledge about these topics while enhancing experience-sharing across the Asia-Pacific region. It primarily focused on five Asian countries: Bangladesh, Cambodia, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, and Viet Nam, and was divided into four main sessions spread across over more than seven hours of training.

The training was designed to achieve the following learning objectives:

Learning Objectives – Slide taken from main presentation.

The sessions were:

  • Session 1: Regional overview
  • Session 2: Understanding gender equality and human rights in climate policy
  • Session 3: Gender and climate change – sectoral experiences
  • Session 4: Moving forward – where to from here?

Each session consisted of keynote presentations delivered by experts, with three of them having moderated and interactive group exercises to promote experience-sharing among attendees. The “Experience-sharing: the status of gender equality in climate action in Asia-Pacific” and “Designing gender responsive sectoral activities” group activities in sessions 2 and 3, respectively, allowed participants to exchange and brainstorm with peers, thus allowing them to share their experiences while they worked on tailored exercises focused on each country or sector. The former had participants split into 5 groups representing one of each focus countries while the latter had them divided into 3 groups representing three key sectors: energy, agriculture, and forestry.

“Thank you for all the organizers of the e-workshop on Gender Equality and Human Rights in Climate Action and Renewable Energy. I have learned a lot.  It is interesting to meet so many people from all over the region that are working on the issue. I am thankful that I found this workshop and joined this network exactly at the same time as I planned to delve more into this issue.“ – E-Workshop  Participant

To attend the e-workshop, participants had to undertake a selection process which consisted of being invited or appointed by their governments or agencies and filling in an online application form. They were also encouraged to take the online course prior to the training to arrive at it with a similar level of knowledge and understanding.

The entire process was captured by a visual artist who drew live the topics and ideas discussed.

Visual Representation of Day 1

Visual Representation of Day 2



Cover picture credit: Abbie Trayler-Smith/Panos Pictures  

The Government of Rwanda, UNEP and UNITAR partnered up to deliver a training on sustainable and resilient infrastructure to 29 participants from 5 African countries.


Read on to find out how capacity building is shaping up the transition to a more sustainable future,  supported by resilient and sustainable infrastructure.

Infrastructure underpins economic growth and enables access to basic services and transformative economic opportunities. However, if infrastructure development is not properly done, it can have negative consequences for people, the economy, the climate, and nature. To help unpack this complex topic and shed light on its importance, the Government of Rwanda, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) partnered up to organize the first edition of the “Environmental Leadership Programme on Sustainable and Resilient Infrastructure” training.

The fully online training took place between 30th November 2021 and 8th December 2021 and aimed at enhancing capacity and improving the knowledge of policy makers in Rwanda, Uganda, Ethiopia, Kenya and Zambia on the importance and role that well-planned, sustainable, and resilient infrastructure plays in meeting the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). In total, 29 participants from the 5 African countries, representing various governmental institutions involved in infrastructure development and planning in their respective countries, took part in the training.

The training focused on various areas of infrastructure, ranging from international good practice principles for sustainable infrastructure; green finance; nature-based infrastructure solutions; sustainable and resilient housing; digitalization of transport; and how green digital technology can be incorporated into strategic infrastructure policymaking and plans; as well as climate data and digital infrastructure  for enhanced forecasting and early warning systems.

This inspiring event positions training and skills development at the centre of the shift towards the low carbon economy and the achievement of the SDGs.  As highlighted by Mr. Angus Mackay, Director for Planet Division,  in his opening remarks.

It very often comes down to a very simple equation: How many people does a country need to train, and where should those trained individuals need to be located, in order to ensure that a new policy direction actually takes root and makes a lasting difference? And this is precisely the intent behind this environmental leadership programme… to build up a cadre of national experts in resilient infrastructure development, involving all branches of government and beyond.  Too often we’ve seen well-meaning policies not achieving much impact because they are the brain child of the few rather than the many.” – Angus Mackay – Director, UNITAR

Overall, the feedback from participants was very positive, with over 90% of them reporting that the training workshop was very useful for their jobs. Additionally, many would be interested in further trainings on sustainable infrastructure. Future plans in this recurring capacity development programme include training of trainers and other specialized trainings tailored to the region’s priorities and practical needs in the field.


The Building Climate Resilience through Ecosystem-based Adaptation Planning e-course is now available!

Read on to find out how nature-based solutions and ecosystem-based adaptation can be leveraged to deliver climate change adaptation.

Climate change adaptation has been brought to the fore at COP26 as developed countries pledged billions of dollars to help developing nations and the Least Developed Countries (LDCs) adapt to climate change. During the negotiations, nature-based solutions (NbS) were often heard as a key factor to be considered when developing adaptation strategies. In this context, ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA), which refers to the use of NbS for adapting to climate change, can be a valuable instrument to deliver a wide range of benefits that boost overall development and human wellbeing, and contribute to national adaptation strategies that respond to the triple crises of biodiversity loss, climate change and the global post-pandemic recovery.

To highlight the importance of EbA in the National Adaptation Planning (NAP) process, UNITAR and UNEP have partnered up to develop the Building Climate Resilience through Ecosystem-based Adaptation Planning e-course as part of the National Adaptation Plan – Global Support Programme (NAP-GSP), a joint initiative by UNEP and UNDP.

This new free and self-paced e-learning resource builds on information from the Guidelines for Integrating Ecosystem-based Adaptation into National Adaptation Plans, a publication jointly developed by UNEP, UNDP and IUCN’s Friends of EbA (FEBA), with the purpose of helping adaptation practitioners at national and local levels to factor ecosystem functions and services into a country’s National Adaptation Plan processes and instruments. Through its three interactive modules, comprising videos, texts, quizzes and assessments, this e-course will highlight the key concepts, tools, examples, and steps for integrating EbA in the NAP process.

After completing the course, participants will be able to:

  1. Explain the importance of NbS for climate change adaptation and sustainable development
  2. Discuss how integrating EbA into NAPs enables countries to comply with international commitments (e.g., Paris Agreement, 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction)
  3. Explain how EbA works, including the challenges, opportunities, and additional benefits beyond adaptation of securing healthy ecosystems
  4. Outline how to look for funding opportunities, and how to formulate, implement and mainstream EbA options
  5. Explain and integrate EbA in the formulation, implementation, and review stages of the NAP process

Upon completing the course, participants will receive an official UN Certificate of Completion.

Take the course here today.

This e-tutorial aims to provide an incursion through the LoCAL mechanism. It provides answers to a series of questions such as: Why are local governments in a position to address climate change at the local level?, How does LoCAL mechanism help local governments to address climate change?, What are the components LoCAL relies on and how are they interlinked?,  Where does LoCAL operate? and others more.

  • Adaptation
  • Finance


1 hours

Building on two decades of experience in local development finance, the UN Capital Development Fund (UNCDF) has established the Local Climate Adaptive Living Facility (LoCAL) to address the unfunded mandate of local governments in addressing climate change adaptation.

Local governments in least developed countries (LDCs) are in a unique position to identify the climate change adaptation responses that best meet local needs, and typically have the mandate to undertake the small- to medium-sized adaptation investments required for building climate resilience. Yet they frequently lack the resources to do so – particularly in a manner aligned with established local decision-making processes and planning, budgeting and budget execution cycles.  In this context, LoCAL comes to empower local governments to contribute towards the achievements of national determined contributions (NDCs) and NAPs where available.

This e-tutorial aims to provide an incursion through the LoCAL mechanism. It provides answers to a series of questions such as: Why are local governments in a position to address climate change at the local level?, How does LoCAL mechanism help local governments to address climate change?, What are the components LoCAL relies on and how are they interlinked?,  Where does LoCAL operate? and others more.

Who should take this tutorial?

While the e-tutorial is available to the general public we encourage the following categories of individuals to take it prior to attending any face to face training or webinar organised by UNCDF:

  • Field officers/UN Volunteers, and local/central government staff who are actively involved in LoCAL implementation at country level;
  • UNCDF and national experts who contribute to the scoping and design phase and lead during LoCAL implementation;
  • The engaged public and practitioners with an interest in understanding ways to leverage climate adaptation finance at the local level.

The learning experience

The e-tutorial contains a 4-minute video and an interactive lesson. The interactive lesson itself includes four sections and a variety of learning checkpoints helping you to remain engaged throughout. 

The e-tutorial does not provide certification, however, you will receive a badge, upon completion, acknowledging that you have acquired the knowledge provided on LoCAL. The badge will be sent to you by email and it can also be found under the “Certification” tab next to the “Course page”. Be aware that upon completion of all the activities a survey will be revealed for you to take. Please, take it. Your opinion counts and it will help us improve further. Moreover, the survey counts towards the badge issuance together with the other activities.

This course Mastering National Adaptation Plans: from Start to Finish course will introduce learners to several important aspects of the NAP process.  It is aimed at enhancing knowledge of the NAP process elements,  relevant issues such as gender and climate information in NAP Formulation and Implementation; and financing NAP processes.   This interactive self-paced course will guide learners through various aspects of the NAP journey.

  • Adaptation
  • Climate Change
  • Education

Self-paced course

3 hours


The adverse impacts of climate change are becoming increasingly more acute, particularly for developing countries. This further exacerbates the wellbeing of the poorest and most vulnerable, meaning adaptation is now crucial to their survival and protection. Successful national adaptation planning requires detailed knowledge and practical skills in order to effectively and efficiently tackle current and future threats. 

The National Adaptation Plan (NAPs) process was established under the Cancun Adaptation Framework (2010) in order to prepare countries for addressing climate risk in the medium term. The main objectives of the NAPs are to reduce vulnerability to climate change, and to mainstream climate change adaptation in all levels of planning.  NAPs require building a stronger evidence base, improving skills and capacity.  Additionally need to be country-driven, gender-sensitive, participatory, and use transparent approaches. 

This course Mastering National Adaptation Plans: from Start to Finish course will introduce learners to several important aspects of the NAP process.  It is aimed at enhancing knowledge of the NAP process elements,  relevant issues such as gender and climate information in NAP Formulation and Implementation; and financing NAP processes.   This interactive self-paced course will guide learners through various aspects of the NAP journey.

What will you learn?

By completing the course, participants will be able to: 

  • Discuss the importance of inclusion of various stakeholders and institutions in the NAP process.
  • List some examples of important climate data and information necessary for the NAP process, as well as discuss their possible sources locally and internationally.
  • Explain how climate change adaptation planning could be integrated across different climate-sensitive socio-economic sectors.
  • Discuss common national and international sources of climate adaptation finance relevant for the NAPs.

Course at a glance

The course consists of three interlinked modules each taking an average of 1 hour to complete:   

  • Module 1: Exploring and Developing a NAP
  • Module 2: Implementing and Reviewing a NAP
  • Module 3: Financing the NAP process

Who should take this course?

The course will provide clear, concise, and up-to-date information for anybody interested in exploring the important aspects of the NAP process. It should be of particular interest to the following audiences:

  • Policymakers and government officials from LDCs and other developing countries working on NAPs wanting to increase their understanding on the steps involved in national adaptation planning, and the challenges that may arise along the way
  • Technical experts in climate-sensitive sectors with an interest in better understanding the cross-sectoral linkages between climate change and their sectors
  • Policymakers and technical specialists with an interest in understanding climate adaptation finance
  • Academic and wider public stakeholders interested in enhancing their knowledge on the process of adaptation


The course is self-paced and not moderated. It has been divided into three modules.  We recommend that you view the modules sequentially for the best learning experience, starting with Module 1 which focuses on the formulation and planning phases of the NAP process; Module 2 focuses on the implementation and review phases of the NAP process and ends with Module 3 which focuses on financing the NAP process.  

Each module contains interactive content and a non-summative assessment to check your understanding.  Each module takes around 1 hour to complete. The modules also contain a wealth of links to other resources on issues discussed, but these are meant for extra reading if of interest. This extra reading will not be part of the final quiz at the end of each Module.  

Each module has a final quiz that aims to assess the achievement of the learning objectives. The assessment contains 10 multiple-choice questions. After passing each module’s final assessment with at least 70% of correct answers within 3 attempts, the participant automatically unlocks a badge per module. After obtaining all 3 badges for each module, the participant can automatically download a UN Certificate of Completion from the Certification tab.  

Doddy S. Sukadri, a UN CC:Learn Ambassador and Executive Director of the Green Partner Foundation, discusses in this article what actions Indonesia can take to achieve carbon neutrality.

Climate change is still on the spotlight even though the world has been busy with the COVID-19 pandemic. The impact of the 2015 Paris Agreement which asks each country to reduce its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions has been elevated from the National Determined Contribution (NDC) to the latest, more ambitious issue, called carbon neutrality (CN). CN is a state in which carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions are considered net-zero. It means that the amount of CO2 emissions released into the atmosphere is approximately the same as those absorbed through various human activities.

The CN issue was increasingly discussed when Donald Trump was replaced by pro-environmentalist Joe Biden. It is as if the world’s locomotives are about to change direction towards a low-carbon green economy. In the first months after his inauguration, Joe Biden invited 40 Heads of State, including President Jokowi, to the Leaders’ Summit on Climate event that took place on April 22-23, 2021. The meeting is likely to have an impact on the global climate change agenda and will be an important milestone in the history of the upcoming climate change negotiation (UNFCCC – COP26) in Glasgow in November 2021.

Position of Emitter Countries
Not too long after the Leaders’ Summit, several countries reiterated their commitment to reducing GHG emissions. Generally, all countries have set 2050 as their CN target. Several developed countries submitted ambitious emission reduction action plans so that the CN could be achieved before 2050. On the other hand, Australia, Russia and Brazil, submitted targets that were lower, or the same as before. China, the biggest emitter apart from the US, has only recently proposed a higher emission reduction target, but it pegs CN by 2060. Brazil, which has the largest tropical rainforest in the world and has enormous carbon sequestration potential, is also not enthusiastic about reducing GHG emissions. On the other hand, Sweden is more ambitious, declaring its determination to reach CN by 2045.

Members of the Inter-Governmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) recommend 2050 as the ideal deadline for CN to prevent a bigger global climate catastrophe. In the national scope, according to the Bappenas, Indonesia can achieve this as long as the amount of CO2 emissions reaches the maximum amount in 2027, and after that it must decrease gradually. A one-year delay in reducing emissions could cause CN postponement of 5 – 10 years. If the peak is reached in 2033-2034, then CN will occur in the years 2060-2070.

Financial support, technology, and human resources are required for CN’s success. Along with the Leaders’ Summit, several developed countries formed a fundraising coalition called LEAF (Lowering Emission by Accelerating Forest Finance). This year, the LEAF is targeted to raise USD 1M to support climate action around the world. Norway, the UK and the US are the engines of the LEAF. The coalition, which is a partnership between the Government and business players in developed countries, aims to increase global climate action. As the name implies, the main goal of the LEAF is to reduce the rate of deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries. However, Indonesia, which owns the third-largest tropical rainforest after Brazil and the Democratic Republic of Congo, hasn’t joined the LEAF. The main reason is that the LEAF uses a different calculation of carbon release and absorption from the method used by Indonesia.

Forest vs Energy
Referring to the NDC, forestry (including peat) and land use are the biggest emitters compared to other sectors, i.e. industry, agriculture and waste. However, less than ten years from now (2030), assuming we do nothing, energy sector emissions will increase significantly, from around 400 thousand GT to 1.7 million GT, or an increase of approximately 4 to 5 times greater than emissions in 2010. On the other hand, emissions from the forestry sector and land use continue to decline from around 650 thousand GT CO2 in 2010 to 200 thousand GT. Thus, by 2030, energy sector emissions are estimated to be more than twice that of the forestry sector and land use.

State and Non-state Actors
Much has been done by the Government, business actors and civil society to prevent the earth’s temperature exceed 2°C or even 1.5°C as requested in the Paris Agreement. Concrete examples of this action are the use of new and renewable energy, conserve existing and good natural forests, reforestation and rehabilitation of damaged natural forests, use of fossil-free transportation such as bio-fuel, development of electric cars using solar power plants (Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Surya – PLTS) and those sourced from hydro, wind and nuclear power as well as a thousand of other green economy initiatives. Partnerships between State and Non-State Actors are key to successfully tackle climate change. Both of them support each other in implementing a green economy.

Moving forward
It is time that we also put a fair price on carbon; end fossil fuel subsidies and finance; stop building new coal-fired power plants; shift the tax burden from revenue to carbon, from taxpayers to emission polluters; and integrate CN into all economic and fiscal policies. Banks must align their loans with CN objectives, and businesses are required to decarbonize their portfolios. The support of regulations, policies and incentives from the bureaucrats is urgently needed. The Ministry of Environment and Forestry, the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, and the Ministry of National Development Planning are at the forefront of the state actors.

The government cannot do it alone. Partnerships between state and non-state actors, including financial institutions, and business actors in the province / district / city are essential for long-term planning towards CN and ambitious climate action. Business actors, associations, researchers and universities, NGOs, and the general public play the most important roles in implementing policies and clean environmental practices. Currently, there is the Indonesia Low Emissions Network (JIRE) which was initiated by the Yayasan Mitra Hijau (Green Partner Foundation) and is a forum to bring together State and Non-state Actors. This kind of network deserves full support so that a common goal can be achieved better and faster. Hopefully, the commitment to clean Indonesia can be achieved sooner, before the promised deadline.

This article reflects the personal view of Mr Doddy Sukadri, UN CC:Learn Ambassador and Executive Director of Yayasan Mitra Hijau (Green Partner Foundation).

Ce module offre aux étudiants l’opportunité de revisiter les concepts clés du Changement climatique et de maitriser l’ensemble des étapes essentiels du processus de l’intégration du CC dans les politiques de développement et la planification budgétaire afin de favoriser la mise en œuvre des actions prioritaires d’adaptation et d’atténuation.

  • Adaptation
  • Climate Change

Self-paced course

4 hours

Bienvenue !

Les changements climatiques (CC) constituent une menace importante pour le développement socio-économique des pays en développement et risque de compromettre les chances de relever les défis de réduction de la pauvreté. A cet égard, les impacts potentiels du CC doivent être systématiquement prise en compte dans les politiques sociales et économiques, les projets de développement et les efforts d’aide internationale afin d’asseoir un développement résilient face au changement climatique. Cependant, pour les pays en développement, l’intégration du CC dans le processus de planification du développement représente encore un défi majeur.

Ce module développé par le Centre Régional AGRHYMET (CRA) dans le cadre du programme de formation du Master Changement Climatique et Développement Durable (CCDD) offre aux étudiants l’opportunité de revisiter les concepts clés du Changement climatique et de maitriser l’ensemble des étapes essentiels du processus de l’intégration du CC dans les politiques de développement et la planification budgétaire afin de favoriser la mise en œuvre des actions prioritaires d’adaptation et d’atténuation.

Aussi, ce module de formation offre des informations claires, concises et actualisées pour toute personne intéressée par l’acquisition d’une compréhension globale de la prise en compte du changement climatique dans les politiques de développement aux niveaux national, sectoriel et local.

Ce que vous allez apprendre

L’objectif de ce cours est de former des cadres de haut niveau qui sauront, d’une part, valoriser et capitaliser les connaissances sur la science du climat pour les études d’impact, de vulnérabilité et d’adaptation face au CC, et d’autre part, appuyer l’intégration de la dimension CC dans les politiques et les stratégies nationales, régionales et locales de développement.

Cours en un coup d’œil

Ce cours est composé de quatre (4) leçons :

  1. Comprendre le changement climatique et ses liens avec le développement
    Cette leçon propose une introduction sur la relation entre le changement climatique et le développement.
  2. L’intégration du changement climatique dans les politiques nationale, sectorielle, locale
    Cette leçon passe en revue tous les processus de prise en compte du changement climatique dans les politiques aux échelles nationale, sectorielle et locale.
  3. L’intégration du changement climatique dans le processus budgétaire
    Cette leçon explique les points d’entrée et les étapes clés de la prise en compte du CC dans la formulation du budget national.
  4. L’intégration du changement climatique dans le système de suivi-évaluation
    Cette leçon aborde les contours du suivi-évaluation des actions des changements climatiques. Les concepts clés du suivi-évaluation sont d’abord définis.
    Un dernier quiz évaluant les connaissances acquises pendant le cours. Le quiz contient 10 questions.


Exigences d’achèvement

Le cours est certifié. Le certificat de réussite sera disponible au téléchargement dans l’onglet «Certification» une fois que vous aurez suivi les 4 leçons et réussi le quiz à la fin du cours. Pour réussir le quiz, vous devez obtenir au moins 70% de bonnes réponses.

À la fin du cours, nous encourageons vivement les apprenants à répondre à l’enquête disponible sous l’onglet «Certification».

Partenaires et contributeurs

Cette formation en ligne a été conçue dans le but d’apporter des réponses à des questions essentielles sur le « mainstreaming » du changement climatique dans les politiques et stratégies de développement. Ce module de formation a été développé par le CRA. Le format e-learning de ce cours a été réalisé par le CRA avec le coaching de l’UNITAR dans le cadre de UN CC:Learn.

Comité permanent inter-État de lutte contre la sécheresse au Sahel

Le Partenariat unique pour l’apprentissage des Nations Unies sur les changements climatiques

Institut des Nations Unies pour la formation et la recherche

After 2 years in the making, Zimbabwe held a virtual event with high-level representatives to launch its National Climate Change Learning Strategy. The implementation of it is already under way.


Keep reading to find out more.

The National Climate Change Learning Strategy (NCCLS) of Zimbabwe was launched in a virtual event by the Minister of Environment, Climate, Tourism and Hospitality Industry, Hon. Mangaliso Ndlovu. This strategy was developed under the leadership of the Climate Change Management Department within the Ministry of Environment, Climate Tourism and Hospitality Industry and supported by UN CC:Learn, the UNDP Zimbabwe country office and MIET Africa.

The 136-page document is the result of the support from UN CC:Learn to the government of Zimbabwe which started in 2019. Zimbabwe has been working to strengthen climate change learning within the country, and the strategy will serve as a framework for it by laying out key priority areas to be addressed and proposing ways to implement activities at both national and local levels. The newly launched NCCLS also confirms Zimbabwe’s commitment to fulfilling its climate change targets and to advancing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

Hon Mangaliso Ndlovu, Minister of Environment, Climate, Tourism and Hospitality Industry launched the NCCL strategy

The virtual launch event brought together high-level representatives from across the country, and partner countries such as Zambia and Malawi.  In his welcoming remarks the Head of the UN CC:Learn, Mr. Angus Mackay congratulated the country for its efforts and stressed the importance of the strategy to advance climate change learning within the country, which will certainly impact the future of the younger generations.

The most important thing to remember about this Strategy is that it gives Zimbabwe control over its agenda for climate change training and education.  Societies need more protection than this and it begins with building climate change literacy at all levels, particularly so that our children and our young people can be better prepared for their future.” – Mr. Angus Mackay

Moving forward, Zimbabwe has already started implementing the strategy starting with an awareness raising roadshow for rural youth and youth groups and piloting the integration of UN CC:Learn courses into teacher training.  In addition to the national activities, Zimbabwe has participated in a number of regional activities involving the other partner countries, Malawi and Zambia, such as the radio and TV programmes and training of journalists on climate change reporting.

Read or download Zimbabwe’s NCCLS here.

Find out more about UN CC:Learn work in Zimbabwe here.