In November 2020, UN CC:Learn organized two online trainings for journalists and government officials in West and Southern Africa. The two-part training was delivered by the Thomson Reuters Foundation on 16 – 20 November 2020 for Southern Africa in English and 23 – 27 November for West Africa in French. The trainings brought together UN CC:Learn expertise in climate change learning with Thomson Reuters vast experience in media coverage and reporting.
Journalism is an essential tool for enhancing climate literacy. Through reliable information, it can help embed climate change into the daily lives of people, turning it into it a day-to-day topic, fomenting discussions and solutions. Mr. Angus Mackay, the Head of UN CC:Learn Secretariat, conveyed this message in his opening speech to participants. He also stressed the need of informed journalists and media professionals to really strengthen society-wide climate change consciousness.
The first part of the training – the journalism training – for the journalists, was aimed at strengthening the climate change knowledge of journalists and promote independent, evidence-based reporting and the production of balanced and insightful off-diary stories that encourage public engagement and debate. The second part of the training – the media training – for the media facing government officials, was aimed at strengthening the media handling skills to help develop and promote public interest in climate policies.
Amongst many issues covered in the journalism training, the following issues were targeted over the 5 days:
- Review participants’ understanding of climate science, fill in any significant gaps;
- Examine the impact of climate change on their different countries and mitigation and adaptation options;
- Introduce techniques to simplify the jargon and explain scientific terms;
- Identify stakeholders and direct journalists to experts and authoritative sources to grow their pool of contacts;
- Highlight the importance of listening to sources with alternative perspectives, and analysing what they say in the light of the evidence they offer;
- Explore information-gathering, analytical, storytelling and pitching techniques
The 2-day media training looked at specific issues such as:
- Tools to use to promote public interest in climate policies in the different countries and encourage and inform public debate on the best way forward ;
- Connecting government officials and through them to the country’s wider story. g. local farmers probably don’t realise that they are in the forefront of a huge debate that is starting to take hold in different parts of the world. Through the training, the government would be able to tell people through the media in their countries what is being done locally and what is being done elsewhere, and how that might affect their lives;
- Helping government officials to develop and effectively pitch their climate messages to the media and to the journalists in order to reach the target audiences.
The last day of the trainings offered an opportunity for the two groups to come together to share ideas and brainstorm around what the climate story is in their countries and how work together to promote and inform public debate. Attendees discussed how to mutually facilitate the work of journalists covering climate change and that of government officials working at government institutions. Below are some of the suggestions that came out of the discussions:
- Set up a mixed network of journalists and communication officers (i. e. WhatsApp group).
- Set up a regional network of journalists and climate communication officers.
- Create a network of environmental and climate radio stations.
- Encourage journalists to specialize in different areas of environment and climate change.
- Recurrent capacity-building on climate change and related topics.
In total, 10 francophone UN CC:Learn West Africa Hub member countries took part in the trainings: Benin, Burkina Faso, Chad, Guinea Bissau, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Mali, Niger, Senegal, Togo. Similarly, 16 journalists and 13 government officials from the Anglophone partner countries participated: The Gambia, Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Thomas Reuters Foundation invited experienced journalists to facilitate the trainings. Mr. Nicholas Phythian, who has over 20 years’ experience at Reuters, oversaw both journalist trainings, and was assisted by Ms. Joanna Winterbottom in the English training and by Ms. Nellie Peyton for the French training. The media training was conducted by Ms. Naglaa El-Emary with assistance from Ms. Reem Shamseddine. Thomson Reuters Foundation is the corporate foundation of Thomson Reuters global news and information services company and works to advance media freedom and development.