A Decade of Ecosystem-based Adaptation: Lessons from the United Nations Environment Programme

Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) is a strategy for adapting to climate change that harnesses nature-based solutions and ecosystem services. Over the past decade, the UN Environment Programme has embraced the practice as a cost-effective and holistic adaptation approach, now supporting more than 50 EbA projects across the world.

Combined, these projects have enhanced long-term adaptive capacity in communities, improved livelihoods, reduced climate risks and improved the health of a diverse range of ecosystems. This policy brief summarizes the key lessons from UNEP’s experiences across multiple countries and ecosystems over the past ten years.

Organization: UNEP

Theme: Adaptation

Topic: Environment, Adaptation, Biodiversity

Type of material: Analytical-Technical Document

Publication date: 2024

Language: English

Resilience for All: Enabling transformative implementation

Over the past two decades, Resilience has served as a unifying theme for the APAN Forums. The past years have seen significant efforts towards generating knowledge and information on climate change adaptation at the global and regional levels. However, we are still significantly off-schedule to meet the goals of the Paris Agreement and the world is in a state of climate emergency. The current climate change impacts are evident and disruptive in sectors like agriculture, ecosystems, human health, urban settlements, and infrastructure. The sub-theme is aligned with the overarching theme of KGAW 2023 — “A New Era for Adaptation: Scaling up and transformation in adaptation”. It is also in line with the key outcomes of COP27, further emphasizing the importance of transformative approach to accelerating and enhancing adaptation efforts.

This publication offers recommendations, entry points and pathways for policy makers, academics, research organizations, non-government organizations, private sector, funding institutions and global and regional negotiations on developing strategies and approaches to achieve transformative adaptation in the Asia-Pacific region. It was launched at the NAP Expo 2024 in Dhaka Bangladesh on 25 April 2024.

Download file: Report

Organization: UNEP

Theme: Cities

Topic: Environment, Agriculture and Food, Ecosystems

Type of material: Guidance Document

Publication date: 2024

Language: English

Global Emerging Market Overview for Electric

This report presents an effort to understand the characteristics, uptake and overall market of electric two- and three- wheelers in Africa, Asia and Latin America. The study includes the collection of data on electric two- and three-wheeler models in the three regions, a review of the status of the market, projections for region-wide growth until 2040, and recommendations to accelerate the transition towards electric two- and three-wheeler in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs).

The process for developing this report began with the compilation of existing electric two- and three-wheeler models and their charging technology in each of the target regions through interviews with distributors, visits in the field, and internet searches. Details were collected on more than forty data points (listed in the appendix), including but not limited to motor power, battery capacity, battery chemistry, certified range, top speed, charger capacity, and physical size. Companies’ willingness to share specific data varied widely, posing a challenge and requiring the team to critically assess the data provided. The collected vehicle model and charging technology data was compiled in a database and an online dashboard.

Download file: Report

Organization: GEF, UNEP

Theme: Energy

Topic: Energy, Technology

Type of material: Guidance Document

Publication date: 2024

Language: English

Unlocking the Energy Transition

Addressing the question of variability of renewables energy has been a key challenge for the energy transition. In many countries, thermal generation continues to drain scarce public resources, while deepening vicious cycles of power sector poverty traps. Yet, solar-plus-storage projects has the potential to reduce the dependency on thermal generation, providing comparable technical and commercial features.

The report provides a guiding framework for planning and implementing solar-plus-storage projects, while leveraging private investments. The report’s framework outlines four-phases covering the identification and planning of a project, selection, and adaptation of a business model from three pre-set configurations, and finally utilizing complementary PPA template resources in a competitive procurement process.

The report aims to streamline adoption and deployment of IPP-owned solar-plus-storage hybrid generation projects, especially in countries where reliance on fuel-based thermal generation is deepening their vulnerability and deficits, accelerating a much-needed transition.

Download file: Report

Organization: ESMAP, World Bank

Theme: Energy

Topic: Energy, Technology

Type of material: Guidance Document

Publication date: 2024

Language: English

State of the Global Climate 2023

The publication provides a summary on the state of the climate indicators in 2023 with sections on key climate indicators, extreme events and impacts. The indicators include global temperatures, greenhouse gas concentration, ocean heat content, sea level rise, ocean acidification, Arctic and Antarctic sea ice, Greenland ice sheet and glaciers and snow cover, precipitation and stratospheric ozone, with an analysis of major drivers of inter-annual climate variability during the year including the El Niño Southern Oscillation and other ocean and atmospheric indices. The highlighted extreme events include those related to tropical cyclones and wind storms; flooding, drought and extreme heat and cold events. The publication also provides most recent finding on climate related risks and impacts including on food security and population displacement.

Download file: English

Organization: WMO

Theme: Science

Topic: Environment, Ecosystems, Science

Type of material: Analytical-Technical Document

Publication date: 2024

Language: English

State of the Climate in Asia 2023

The WMO State of the Climate in Asia 2023, is the fourth edition of climate reports published annually for this region and has involved National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs), WMO Regional Climate Centres (RCCs), and several research institutions, as well as United Nations agencies, international and regional organizations. The report provides the status of key climate indicators and latest data and information on impacts, risks and policy from United Nations agencies. It addresses specific physical science, socio-economic and policy aspects that are relevant to Asia and responds to Members needs in the fields of climate monitoring, climate change and climate services.

Download file: English

Organization: WMO

Theme: Science

Topic: Environment, Biodiversity

Type of material: Analytical-Technical Document

Publication date: 2024

Language: English

Communicating on climate change and health: Toolkit for health professionals

While climate change is a big threat to health, implementing solutions to address climate change presents a huge opportunity to promote better health and protect people from climate-sensitive diseases. Communicating the health risks of climate change and the health benefits of climate solutions is both necessary and helpful. Health professionals are well-placed to play a unique role in helping their communities understand climate change, protect themselves, and realize the health benefits of climate solutions. This toolkit aims to help health professionals effectively communicate about climate change and health.

Download file: English

Organization: WHO

Theme: Health

Topic: Health, Human Security

Type of material: Guidance Document

Publication date: 2024

Language: English

The unjust climate

This report assembles an impressive set of data from 24 low- and middle-income countries in five world regions to measure the effects of climate change on rural women, youths and people living in poverty. It analyses socioeconomic data collected from 109 341 rural households (representing over 950 million rural people) in these 24 countries. These data are combined in both space and time with 70 years of georeferenced data on daily precipitation and temperatures. The data enable us to disentangle how different types of climate stressors affect people’s on-farm, off-farm and total incomes, labour allocations and adaptive actions, depending on their wealth, gender and age characteristics.

Download file: Report

Organization: FAO

Theme: Gender

Topic: Agriculture and Food, Environment, Land Use Management, Adaptation, Gender

Type of material: Analytical-Technical Document

Publication date: 2024

Language: English

Feminist climate justice: A framework for action

This paper describes how to achieve feminist climate justice through four interlinked dimensions (recognition, redistribution, representation, and reparation) and the principles of interdependence and intersectionality. It provides practical guidance on what countries need to do to transition to low-emission economies that are resilient to a changing climate, while recognizing the leadership of women, girls, and gender-diverse people in driving the change that is so urgently needed. It zooms in on the global food system as one illustration of how this framework can be applied and provides an analysis of the major barriers to accountability for gender-responsive climate action and how they can be overcome.

Download file: English

Organization: UN Women

Theme: Gender

Topic: Agriculture and Food, Environment, Gender

Type of material: Guidance Document

Publication date: 2023

Language: English

The Climate Classroom Booklet

This Booklet summarizes the main results of the 2023 Climate Classroom edition.

Download file: English

Organization: UNITAR

Theme: Education

Topic: Education, Environment

Type of material: Activity Report

Publication date: 2023

Language: English

Emissions Gap Report 2023

The report finds that there has been progress since the Paris Agreement was signed in 2015. Greenhouse gas emissions in 2030, based on policies in place, were projected to increase by 16 per cent at the time of the agreement’s adoption. Today, the projected increase is 3 per cent. However, predicted 2030 greenhouse gas emissions still must fall by 28 per cent for the Paris Agreement 2°C pathway and 42 per cent for the 1.5°C pathway.

As things stand, fully implementing unconditional Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) made under the Paris Agreement would put the world on track for limiting temperature rise to 2.9°C above pre-industrial levels this century. Fully implementing conditional NDCs would lower this to 2.5°C.

The report calls for all nations to accelerate economy-wide, low-carbon development transformations. Countries with greater capacity and responsibility for emissions will need to take more ambitious action and support developing nations as they pursue low-emissions development growth.

The report looks at how stronger implementation can increase the chances of the next round of NDCs, due in 2025, bringing down greenhouse gas emissions in 2035 to levels consistent with 2°C and 1.5°C pathways. It also looks at the potential and risks of Carbon Dioxide Removal methods – such as nature-based solutions and direct air carbon capture and storage.

Download file: English

Organization: UNEP

Theme: Other

Topic: Environment, Ecosystems

Type of material: Analytical-Technical Document

Publication date: 2023

Language: English

2023 WHO review of health in Nationally Determined Contributions and long-term strategies: health at the heart of the Paris Agreement

This report synthesizes information from the latest available NDCs, communicated by 193 Parties2 to the Paris Agreement and recorded in the official registry of the UNFCCC, as of 23 September 2022.3 The report also synthesizes information from the latest available LT-LEDS, communicated by 62 Parties to the Paris Agreement and recorded on the UNFCCC website, as of 23 September 2022.

 

The report builds on a 2019 WHO review of health in NDCs. The scope of indicators has been significantly expanded to capture progress in the quantity and quality of health measures in the NDCs. A total of 166 Parties have communicated a new or updated NDC since the 2019 WHO review, including nine Parties that have submitted an NDC for the first time. Wherever possible, the 2023 WHO review adheres to reviewing methodologies used by the UNFCCC, to allow for comparisons with other sectors and action areas.

 

This document is intended to complement the WHO guidance for healthy Nationally Determined Contributions and long-term strategies [in press] and aims to inform the design of health targets and policies in NDCs and LT-LEDS to the Paris Agreement.

Download file: English

Organization: WHO

Theme: Health

Topic: Health

Type of material: Analytical-Technical Document

Publication date: 2023

Language: English

A gender-responsive just transition for people and planet

The case for a gender-responsive just transition towards low-carbon economies with quality, decent jobs for women and men is grounded in the Paris Agreement and a growing body of data and evidence that underscores the necessity of incorporating gender equality considerations in just transition policies and initiatives.

This policy brief discusses robust pathways to overcome the prevailing challenges to just transitions with gender equality. It calls for governments and other stakeholders to make commitments to a gender-responsive just transition and be held accountable for their commitments and actions. Concluding recommendations set forth actions and investments to build sustainable economies and societies that support the survival and flourishing of the planet and present and future generations.

Download file: English

Organization: UN Women

Theme: Gender

Topic: Economic and Development Planning, Labour, Green Jobs/Economy, Gender

Type of material: Guidance Document

Publication date: 2023

Language: English

The climate–care nexus: Addressing the linkages between climate change and women’s and girls’ unpaid care, domestic, and communal work

The transformation of societies and economies towards paradigms centred on interdependence, care, and sustainability is urgently needed. In this context, this working paper sheds light on emerging efforts to address women’s and girls’ unpaid care, domestic, and communal work in a dramatically changing climate.

The paper discusses the ways in which climate change and environmental degradation disrupt the care economy and increase and intensify women’s and girls’ unpaid care, domestic, and communal work. The paper analyses emerging national efforts to address unpaid care and domestic work through multilateral environmental agreements and valuing paid and unpaid care work in gender-responsive just transitions.

The paper concludes with recommendations for governments, international organizations, UN agencies, academia, and civil society at a key moment for rethinking the dominant development model based on the extraction and exploitation of natural resources, fossil fuels, and human lives, and for making caring for people and the planet a central concern.

Download file: English

Organization: UN Women

Theme: Gender

Topic: Gender

Type of material: Analytical-Technical Document

Publication date: 2023

Language: English

Ensuring safe and regular migration for women and girls in the context of climate change

Climate change is a global emergency that puts the achievement of gender equality at great risk. As climate change intensifies around the world, many women and girls, especially those in situations of vulnerability, migrate in search of safety, livelihoods, and employment opportunities. Gender considerations shape the decision to migrate and the migration experience.

Greater collection and analysis of data is needed to ensure migration policies are responsive to the needs of women and girls migrating in the context of climate change. Existing international frameworks and mechanisms to manage safe and regular migration in relation to climate change are limited, and those that do exist have not fully mainstreamed gender equality considerations.

This policy brief explores the linkages among gender, migration, and climate change, and provides recommendations to policymakers and practitioners to ensure safe and regular migration for women and girls in the context of climate change.

Download file: Policy Brief

Organization: UN Women

Theme: Gender

Topic: Gender, Human Rights and Justice, Human Security, Migration and Refugees

Type of material: Policy Document

Publication date: 2023

Language: English

Operational framework for building climate resilient and low carbon health systems

This document presents the World Health Organization Operational framework for building climate resilient and low carbon health systemsThe framework’s goal is to increase the climate resilience of health systems to protect and improve the health of communities in an unstable and changing climate, while optimizing the use of resources and implementing strategies to reduce GHG emissions. It aims to contribute to the design of transformative health systems that can provide safe and quality care in a changing climate.

Download file: English

Organization: WHO

Theme: Health

Topic: Health, Ecosystems

Type of material: Guidance Document

Publication date: 2023

Language: English

2023 State of Climate Services for Health

The report, which includes input from more than 30 collaborating partners, features case studies from around the world showcasing how integrated climate and health action makes a very real difference in people’s daily life. This includes early warnings systems for extreme heat, pollen monitoring to help allergy sufferers and satellite surveillance for climate-sensitive diseases.

Download file: English

Organization: WMO

Theme: Health

Topic: Environment, Health

Type of material: Policy Document

Publication date: 2023

Language: English

The climate-changed child

This report builds on 2021’s Children’s Climate Risk Index and examines water scarcity and water vulnerability along with the critical actions the international community must take at COP28 to protect children against climate change.

Download file: English, Français, Español, Arabic

Organization: UNICEF

Theme: Youth, Education

Topic: Education, Environment, Children, Human Rights and Justice

Type of material: Guidance Document

Publication date: 2023

Language: English, French, Spanish, Arabic

Adaptation Gap Report 2023

The report – which looks at progress in planning, financing and implementing adaptation actions – finds that the adaptation finance needs of developing countries are 10-18 times as big as international public finance flows. This is over 50 per cent higher than the previous range estimate. This report identifies seven ways to increase financing, including through domestic expenditure and international and private sector finance. Additional avenues include remittances, increasing and tailoring finance to Small and Medium Enterprises and a reform of the global financial architecture. The new Loss and Damage fund will also need to move towards more innovative financing mechanisms to reach the necessary scale of investment.

Download file: adaptation_gap_report_2023.pdf

Organization: UNEP

Theme: Adaptation

Topic: Finance, Environment, Adaptation

Type of material: Analytical-Technical Document

Publication date: 2023

Language: English

Children displaced in a changing climate

The report analyses the most common weather-related hazards that lead to the
largest number of displacements: floods, storms, droughts and wildfires.
Together, these hazards account for over 99 per cent of all weather-related
displacements recorded by IDMC since 2016, while hazards such as extreme heat,
erosion and landslides, make up the rest.3 Due to lack of available data, the analysis
does not assess the full range of weather-related events that can contribute to
displacement– particularly in relation to slower-onset climate processes. Therefore,
these findings represent conservative estimates, and the actual numbers of
climate-related displacements of children are likely to be much higher.
These new insights can help governments, United Nations agencies, civil
society, and affected communities, to identify children at risk of weather-related
displacement, map the areas most affected and most importantly, target efforts
and resources to the most vulnerable, with the aim of protecting children’s
futures from the impacts of displacement as the climate continues to change.

Download file: English, Français, Español

Organization: UNICEF

Theme: Youth

Topic: Education, Children, Migration and Refugees, Human Security, Population Dynamics

Type of material: Analytical-Technical Document

Publication date: 2023

Language: English, French, Spanish