UN CC:Learn in Ghana
Strengthening Human Resources and Skills to Address Climate Change
Ghana is particularly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, because key sectors of the country’s economy, such as agriculture, forestry and energy production, are sensitive to rising temperatures, changing precipitation patterns and increasing frequency of extreme weather events. In the light of this, Ghana launched the National Climate Change Policy in July 2014 which provides clearly defined pathways for dealing with the challenges of climate change, but also looks at the opportunities and benefits of a green economy. In order to support the implementation of the National Climate Change Policy and Ghana’s Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC), the Government is implementing a national UN CC:Learn Project for the development of a National Climate Change Learning Strategy. Through the Project the country is taking a strategic and results-oriented approach to climate change learning with involvement of key sectors and stakeholders.
The strategy will be developed through a multi-stakeholder and multi-sectoral process over the next months under the political leadership of the Ministry of Environment, Science, Technology and Innovation (MESTI) and with technical coordination provided by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
The first step for the development of the National Climate Change Learning Strategy was to develop a background report. The report has been drafted by the Institute of Green Growth Solutions under the auspices of MESTI, EPA, UNDP and UN CC:Learn. It outlines:
- the context and the national policy initiatives on climate change,
- the institutional arrangements and numerous governmental bodies involved,
- the international developments in climate change education,
- the climate change education and learning strategy initiatives, development and implementation.
UN Support to Address Climate Change in Ghana
Initiatives in the area of climate change adaptation and mitigation are numerous in Ghana and involve a wide range of stakeholders. The UN system is largely involved in this process.
Here are some past and on-going initiatives:
- The UNDP supported ‘CC-Dare’ project which aims to finalize a National Climate Change Adaptation Strategy. The Climate Change Adaptation and Development Programme Initiative (CC-DARE) is a joint program by UNEP, UNDP, the UNEP Risø Centre for Energy, Climate and Sustainable Development (URC) and the UNEP Centre for Water and Environment.
- The UNDP’s Africa Adaptation Programme runs their ‘Supporting Integrated and Comprehensive Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation in Africa’ project in Ghana, along with 19 other African countries. The project aims to assist countries to introduce dynamic and long-term planning mechanisms to manage uncertainties related to the expected impacts of climate change.
- In 2008, UNDP started a short project together with the National Disaster Management Organisation of Ghana (NADMO) on ‘Enhancing National Strategies for Effective Disaster Risk Reduction in Ghana’, which lasted 12 months.
- In the area of low carbon growth, the REDD Programme (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation) which has gained attention in the country as Ghana was selected as a pilot program for the World Bank’s ‘Forest Investment Program’ (FIP), and submitted its ‘Readiness preparation proposal’ to the World Bank Forest Carbon Partnership (FCP).
- Today, the learning strategies and actions supported by UN CC:Learn aim to strengthen existing initiatives in the country, such as the Low Emission Capacity Building Programme, which is a global initiative to support national climate change mitigation efforts, low emission development strategies and enhanced measuring, reporting and verification systems.