Investing in People and Learning to Foster a Climate Resilient and Green Transition

Library of Documents

  • Promoting Large-Scale Renewable Energy Applications in the Arab Region: An Approach for Climate Change Mitigation

    This technical document tackles the importance of natural and sustainable resources, especially wind and solar energy, which can play a role in climate-change mitigation. The paper provides an overview of technologies available for large-scale application of renewable energy, the current situation in the Arab region, the challenges facing the adoption of large-scale renewable energy (RE) applications, and recommendations for promoting these applications in the Arab region.

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    Organization(s): UNESCWA

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Governance – General, Policy Instruments, Capacity Development, Financial Mechanisms, Mitigation, Green Jobs/Economy, Technology, Finance, Energy

  • Publicly Backed Guarantees as Policy Instruments to Promote Clean Energy

    This analytical report assesses the advantages and disadvantages of using different types of publicly backed guarantee structures at various stages of product and technology innovation and deployment. The study examines the experience of public financing agencies and relevant lessons learned. The main intended audience includes programme designers and implementers, as well as programme strategists and policy-makers. 

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    Organization(s): UNEP

    Partner(s): United Nations Foundation, Basel Agency for Sustainable Energy, Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland, Sustainable Development Technology Cananda, Carbon Trust, Sintra

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Policy Instruments, Financial Mechanisms, Technology, Economic Analysis, Economic and Development Planning, Finance, Energy

  • Quantification and Magnitude of Losses and Damages Resulting from the Impacts of Climate Change: Modelling the Transformational Impacts and Costs of Sea Level Rise in the Caribbean (Key Points and Summary for Policy-Makers)

    This analytical report highlights that Caribbean coastal communities will be severely threatened by the direct and indirect impacts of climate change which are projected to accelerate in the coming decades and compound the existing threats to natural systems and society. It focuses particularly on climate change projections for the Caribbean region under +2.0°C and +2.5°C global warming scenarios; the implications of ice sheet melt for global sea level rise (SLR); the projections and implications of SLR for the Caribbean region; and, using an actuarial approach, the quantification and magnitude of the losses and damages resulting from sea level rise and related coastal erosion.

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    Organization(s): UNDP

    Partner(s): Caribsave, Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre, Caribbean Community, University of the West Indies, INSMET

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Governance – General, Policy Instruments, Tourism, Water

  • Realising Development Effectiveness: Making the Most of Climate Change Finance in Asia and the Pacific

    This technical document considers whether funding for climate change is being managed in the most effective manner, based on the long history of lessons learnt from development assistance over the last 60 years. For doing so, it analyses the experience of five countries in Asia (Bangladesh, Cambodia, Indonesia, the Philippines and Vietnam). The document suggests that, although global agreements to fund climate change have emerged over the last 20 years, challenges remain to making this finance fully effective and sustainable.

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    Organization(s): UNDP

    Partner(s): Capacity Development for Development Effectiveness Facility, Asian Development Bank, Japan Official Development Assistance, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade of the Republic of Korea, Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Financial Mechanisms, Adaptation, Mitigation, Finance

  • REDD Alert

    This video presents the environmental and climatic risks caused by forest degradation and deforestation. It also introduces the United Nations Collaborative Programme on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Developing Countries (UN-REDD) and its activities to preserve forests and their ability to store carbon.

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    Organization(s): FAO, UNDP, UNEP

    Type of material:Audio/Visual Resource

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Mitigation, REDD, Agriculture and Food, Forestry

  • Regional Policy Dialog in Latin America and the Caribbean - Challenges and Opportunities for Water-Based Adaptation to Climate Change: Elements for a Regional Agenda

    This policy document represents a coordinated effort among several institutions and organizations in the Latin America and the Caribbean region to present the results of a joint reflection on the issue of water-based adaptation to climate change as part of a Regional Policy Dialog process. The main purpose of this Dialog is to communicate to politicians and decision makers – both within the water community and from other public policy areas relevant to the topic - and other actors involved, a series of key messages and recommendations that enable them to define, in an informed manner, public policies and corresponding actions on climate change adaptation. This document incorporates comments and suggestions obtained through presentation and discussion in three international events.

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    Organization(s): IDB, UNHABITAT, WB

    Partner(s): Conference of Ibero-American Water Directors, FEMSA Foundation, Freshwater Action Network for Central America, Freshwater Action Network for Mexico, Global Water Partnership, International Union for the Conservation of Nature, National Water Agency of Brazil, Mexican Institute of Water Technology, National Water Commission of Mexico, Spanish Fund for Achievement of the Millennium Development Goals, Mexico, Water Advisory Council, Water Center for Latin America and the Caribbean at the Tecnológico de Monterrey, Water Forum of the Americas, World Wildlife Fund

    Type of material:Policy Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English, Spanish

    Topic(s): International Law and Policy, Governance – General, Capacity Development, Adaptation, Economic and Development Planning, Finance, Water, Environment

  • Renewable Energy in Industrial Applications: An Assessment of the 2050 Potential

    This technical document focuses on the potential of renewable energy sources for process heat in the industrial sector and for biomass feedstock substitution in industrial processes. It stresses that renewable energy can be widely applied in industrial applications. The four options primarily discussed in this report are: biomass for process heat; biomass for petrochemical feedstocks; solar thermal systems for process heat; and heat pumps for process heat.

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    Organization(s): UNIDO

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Policy Instruments, Technology, Economic Analysis, Chemicals and Waste, Agriculture and Food, Industry, Transport, Energy

  • Report of the Workshop on Climate Change, its Impacts on Employment and Labour Markets

    This workshop was organised by the Global Union Research Network (GURN) and coordinated by the ILO’s Bureau for Workers’ Activities (ACTRAV) and the International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC). The aim was to discuss academic research on the employment aspects of climate change and identify research gaps.

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    Organization(s): ILO

    Partner(s): International Trade Union Confederation

    Type of material:Activity Report

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): COP22 List of UN Publications, Green Jobs/Economy

  • Report on a Consultation Meeting: "Essential Public Health Package to Enhace Climate Change Resilience in Developing Countries"

    This activity report summarises the main points discussed during the consultation on Essential Public Health Package to Enhance Climate Resilience in Least Developed Countries (LDCs), which was held in Geneva, Switzerland, from 7-8 September 2010.The consultation aimed to define the core public health functions that should protect populations from climate change impacts. It was attended by representatives from vulnerable countries, the UNFCCC Secretariat, and relevant WHO departments, who broadly agreed on enhancing resilience through linking environment and health surveillance, vector control and disaster risk reduction.

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    Organization(s): WHO

    Type of material:Activity Report

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): International Law and Policy, Governance – General, Adaptation, Human Security, Finance, Health, Environment

  • Report on the Informal Meeting of Experts on Enhancing Coordination of Capacity-Building Activities in Relation to Using the IPCC Guidance and Guidelines as a Basis for Estimating Forest-Related Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Removals

    This activity report summarises the outcomes of a workshop on issues relating to the revision of the UNFCCC Annex I reporting guidelines. At the workshop, participants shared their views on the use of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 2006 Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas and the revision of the Guidelines for the preparation of national communications by parties included in Annex I to the Convention, Part I.

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    Organization(s): UNFCCC

    Type of material:Activity Report

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): International Law and Policy, Capacity Development

  • Report on the Informal Meeting of Representatives from Parties and Organizations and Experts to Consider the Outcomes of the Activities Completed Prior to the Meeting

    This activity report provides an overview of the discussions on, and the issues identified in relation to, the implementation of the Nairobi work programme on impacts, vulnerability and adaptation to climate change at the informal meeting of representatives of Parties and organizations and experts to consider the outcomes of the activities completed under the work programme, which was held from 28 to 30 September 2010 in Manila, the Philippines. Recommendations and suggestions were provided on ways and means to strengthen activities beyond 2010 in support of enhanced adaptation action in all sectors and at all levels.

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    Organization(s): UNFCCC

    Type of material:Activity Report

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Capacity Development, Adaptation, Technology

  • Report on the Regional Training Workshops on the Implementation of National Adaptation Programmes of Action in 2009–2010

    This activity report provides a summary of the five regional training workshops on the implementation of national adaptation programmes of action (NAPAs) conducted by the Least Developed Countries Expert Group (LEG) in partnership with the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and its agencies in the period 2009–2010. The five workshops focused on providing participants with hands-on training in the design and preparation of proposals for the implementation of adaptation projects identified in NAPAs, and in the subsequent submission of these proposals to the GEF to receive support under the Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF). In addition, the workshops addressed barriers and challenges faced by least developed country Parties in accessing funding under the LDCF.

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    Organization(s): UNFCCC

    Type of material:Activity Report

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Capacity Development, Adaptation

  • Report on the UNFCCC Regional Training Programme on Project Preparation

    This activity report provides information on the outcomes, experiences and lessons learned from the organization of the training programme on preparing technology transfer projects for financing organized in 2009 and 2010. It elaborates on issues for further consideration, including possible follow-up actions to increase the number of beneficiaries of the training programme and to address specific training needs at the subregional and national level.

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    Organization(s): UNFCCC

    Type of material:Activity Report

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Capacity Development, Financial Mechanisms, Technology

  • Resource Productivity for Climate Action

    This technical document presents Resource Efficent and Cleaner Production (RECP) and links it to climate change.

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    Organization(s): UNEP, UNIDO

    Partner(s): SDC

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): COP22 List of UN Publications, Mitigation, Technology, Industry

  • Role of National Meteorological and Hydrological Services in Mainstreaming Climate Services for Climate Risk Management

    This policy document consists of a COP 16 position paper presenting the role that the weather, climate and hydrological communities can play in effectively addressing the objectives of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). This note is intended to help National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs) and their national partners to provide the scientific underpinning to the negotiations and enable them to play their role within their national delegations.

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    Organization(s): WMO

    Type of material:Policy Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English, French, Russian, Spanish

    Topic(s): International Law and Policy, Policy Instruments, Science, Adaptation, Mitigation, Risk Reduction/Management

  • Role of NMHSs In Adaptation to Climate Variability and Change

    This technical document includes the analysis and findings of an on-line survey on the role of National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs) in adaptation to climate variability and change. The surveys was designed to gather information on ways that NMHSs are contributing to the national climate change response both directly and indirectly, as well as potential gaps that NMHSs could fill if appropriate resources and planning are provided.

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    Organization(s): WMO

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Policy Instruments, Science, Adaptation, Mitigation

  • Sandwatch - Adapting to Climate Changes and Educating for Sustainable Development

    This manual links classroom activities to real-life issues relating to climate change, environment, sustainable development, cultural diversity, science and more. It also stimulates and encourages practitioners, young and old, to take action by becoming involved in caring for their environment, and in understanding and influencing local government policy and action.

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    Organization(s): UNESCO

    Partner(s): Sandwatch Foundation, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark

    Type of material:Guidance Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English, French, Spanish

    Topic(s): Capacity Development, COP22 List of UN Publications, Adaptation, Children, Education

  • Screening Tools and Guidelines to Support the Mainstreaming of Climate Change Adaptation into Development Assistance – A Stocktaking Report

    The technical document summarizes existing tools and good practices from a range of organizations to guide development practitioners in their climate change mainstreaming efforts. The components and entry points of the mainstreaming process are explored, key climate change adaptation and mainstreaming concepts are defined, and a comparative overview of existing tools and guidelines is provided.

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    Organization(s): UNDP

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Adaptation, Human Security, Economic and Development Planning

  • Skills for Green Jobs

    This document presents a policy-applied research on skill needs for greener economies conducted by the ILO. The research is based on fifteen country studies worldwide with a primary focus on good practice examples of how national policies for greening economies are complemented by identification of skills needs and efficient skills response strategies. The ILO is partnering with the European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training (CEDEFOP) who is conducting six additional country studies in Europe.

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    Organization(s): ILO

    Type of material:Other

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Green Jobs/Economy, Labour

  • Skills for Green Jobs - European Synthesis Report

    This analytical report includes six country studies in Europe on good practice examples of how national policies for greening economies are complemented by identification of skills needs and efficient skills response strategies. The study is based on research in Denmark, Germany, Estonia, Spain, France and the UK. It closes with a set of recommendation and conclusions.

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    Organization(s): ILO

    Partner(s): UNEP, European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, International Employers Organization, International Trade Union Confederation

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Capacity Development, Green Jobs/Economy, Environment, Labour

  • Skills for Green Jobs in Australia

    This analytical report presents the Australian component of a multi-country research project  identifying skills for green jobs. The report’s principal purpose is to set the scene in terms of the key challenges and priorities for climate change mitigation and adaptation for the Australian economy. The report also focuses on the imminent skills development issues, and the current education and training responses.

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    Organization(s): ILO

    Partner(s): UNEP, European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, Workplace Research Centre - University of Sydney, International Employers Organization, International Trade Union Confederation

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Policy Instruments, Capacity Development, Adaptation, Mitigation, Green Jobs/Economy, Economic and Development Planning, Labour

  • Skills for Green Jobs in Bangladesh

    This analytical report presents the Bangladesh component of a multi-country research project  identifying skills for green jobs. The report attempts to identify strategic skills development responses of Bangladesh in the light of environmental degradation, climate change and the global call for greening economies. It finds that climate change has already emerged as a serious challenge to development in general and poverty reduction in particular. However, it notes that the policy priorities for greening the economy remains limited and the related skills development strategy inadequate.

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    Organization(s): ILO

    Partner(s): UNEP, European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, International Employers Organization, International Trade Union Confederation, European Union

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Policy Instruments, Capacity Development, Adaptation, Mitigation, Green Jobs/Economy, Economic and Development Planning, Labour

  • Skills for Green Jobs in Brazil

    This analytical report presents the Brazilian component of a multi-country research project  identifying skills for green jobs. It aims to characterize the demand for green occupations and skills in the current transition phase of the Brazilian economy as well as signal what are the necessary conditions to supply green skills.

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    Organization(s): ILO

    Partner(s): UNEP, European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, International Employers Organization, International Trade Union Confederation

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Policy Instruments, Capacity Development, Adaptation, Mitigation, Green Jobs/Economy, Economic and Development Planning, Labour

  • Skills for Green Jobs in China

    This analytical report presents the Chinese component of a multi-country research project identifying skills for green jobs. It notices that the skills needs in China’s industries, which are rapidly changing due to new green jobs or existing jobs turning green, have been growing. It stresses thta China’s skill response should be swift and effective, with coordination between various government departments, which should play a more active role by anticipating the changing green skills needs by surveys of employers and employees. China’s tripartite mechanism among government, employers and employees in skill formation and delivery is necessary.

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    Organization(s): ILO

    Partner(s): UNEP, European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, China Academy of Labour and Social Security of the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security of China, International Employers Organization, International Trade Union Confederation

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Policy Instruments, Capacity Development, Adaptation, Mitigation, Green Jobs/Economy, Industry, Energy, Labour

  • Skills for Green Jobs in Costa Rica

    This analytical report presents the Costa Rica component of a multi-country research project identifying skills for green jobs. It notices that in recent years, Costa Rica has positioned itself as a world-leading model in sustainability. Numerous initiatives such as Climate Change Strategy and the Peace with Nature Initiative have been developed to steer the country in the right direction to maximize its goals in its greening potential. It stresses that main challenges and priorities related to climate change have provoked a national shift, which will require the creation of new green jobs, re-training or greening of existing ones in order to meet specific environmental goals.

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    Organization(s): ILO

    Partner(s): UNEP, European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, International Employers Organization, International Trade Union Confederation, INCAE Business School

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Governance – General, Policy Instruments, Capacity Development, Green Jobs/Economy, Environment, Labour

  • Skills for Green Jobs in Egypt

    This analytical report presents the Egypt component of a multi-country research project identifying skills for green jobs. It sheds light on the key challenges and priorities for the green economy and outlines the main environmental challenges currently facing Egypt. It then analyzes the skills development strategy corresponding to greening, investigates the obstacles for the integration of skills development into relevant policies and strategies and addresses the anticipation of skills needs. Finally, the study outlines the main findings and provides recommendations at policy and sector levels.

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    Organization(s): ILO

    Partner(s): UNEP, European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, International Employers Organization, International Trade Union Confederation, EcoConServ Environmental Solutions

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Governance – General, Policy Instruments, Capacity Development, Green Jobs/Economy, Environment, Labour

  • Skills for Green Jobs in India

    This analytical report presents the Indian component of a multi-country research project identifying skills for green jobs. It aims to provide an insight of major sectors with a green job potential in the country, with special emphasis on traditional sectors, and analyze whether and how skills response strategies are incorporated into larger ‘greening’ policies and programmes. The report further presents a brief skills needs for new occupations, new skills for greening existing occupations and retraining needs in sectors undergoing structural changes as a result of policy implementation, and introduction of greening technologies and practices. It also provides conclusions and policy recommendations.

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    Organization(s): ILO

    Partner(s): UNEP, European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, International Employers Organization, International Trade Union Confederation

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Governance – General, Policy Instruments, Capacity Development, Green Jobs/Economy, Environment, Labour

  • Skills for Green Jobs in Indonesia

    This analytical report presents the Indonesian component of a multi-country research project identifying skills for green jobs. It aims to identify strategies related to skills development in Indonesia that may provide remedial measure of environmental degradation, climate change and global trends for green economies. It concludes that many sectors are already affected by the movement towards greener economy. Some companies in these sectors, either affected by new environmental regulations or driven by profit or competitiveness motives, already have started to adjust to the new greening trend in the market.

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    Organization(s): ILO

    Partner(s): UNEP, European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, International Trade Union Confederation, International Employers Organization

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Governance – General, Policy Instruments, Capacity Development, Green Jobs/Economy, Environment, Labour

  • Skills for Green Jobs in Mali

    This analytical report presents the component of a multi-country research project identifying skills for green jobs of Mali. This study was undertaken to identify major challenges and priorities related to climate change and the subsequent greening policies and strategies, and to identify major sectors with a greening potential in the country. It notices that there are many actions going on in Mali where greening and adaptation to climate change have not been in focus, but have been taken into account unintentionally and that there is a big potential for green jobs in Mali, both for development of new occupations and new skills for old occupations.

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    Organization(s): ILO

    Partner(s): UNEP, European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, International Trade Union Confederation, International Employers Organization

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Governance – General, Policy Instruments, Capacity Development, Green Jobs/Economy, Environment, Labour

  • Skills for Green Jobs in South Africa

    This analytical report presents the component of a multi-country research project identifying skills for green jobs of South Africa. It examines the current issues pertaining to greening the South African economy with special attention to skills requirements now and in the future. Current policy is found to be inconsistent and market forces have tended to be more effective in driving change. However, going forward there is potential for policy to direct significant structural changes. It is recommended that a cohesive approach is taken to green skills anticipation at a national level which will ensure correct identification of needs, and strong implementation of the pre-existing skills framework.

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    Organization(s): ILO

    Partner(s): UNEP, European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, International Employers Organization, International Trade Union Confederation, OneWorld Sustainable Investments

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): International Law and Policy, Policy Instruments, Capacity Development, Green Jobs/Economy, Environment, Labour

  • Skills for Green Jobs in Thailand

    This analytical report presents the component of a multi-country research project identifying skills for green jobs of Thailand. It notices that while Thailand has strong green policy, there is no comprehensive plan to train people on green jobs, no database and labour market information for existing green jobs, new green jobs and the new green collar jobs. There is a need therefore to analyze the skills gap and to forecast the demand of the labour market in relation to green jobs.

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    Organization(s): ILO

    Partner(s): UNEP, European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, International Employers Organization, International Trade Union Confederation

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Governance – General, Policy Instruments, Capacity Development, Green Jobs/Economy, Environment, Labour

  • Skills for Green Jobs in the Republic of Korea

    This analytical report presents the component of a multi-country research project identifying skills for green jobs of the Republic of Korea. It describes the changes in the labour market due to greening initiatives and skills development strategies for emerging green jobs. It aims to: explain major policy measures including general environmental strategy towards a green growth and skills development strategy; discuss the green structural change and its impact on the labour market and outline the plans that Korea has put in place for skills response; present case studies that show actual examples of skills response to green economy in various sectors; and discuss the current approach and suggest policy recommendations.

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    Organization(s): ILO

    Partner(s): UNEP, European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, International Employers Organization, International Trade Union Confederation, Korea Research Institute for Vocational Education and Training

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Governance – General, Policy Instruments, Capacity Development, Green Jobs/Economy, Environment, Labour

  • Skills for Green Jobs in the United States

    This analytical report presents the component of a multi-country research project identifying skills for green jobs of the United States. It describes the major policy efforts in the US to promote the development of green jobs, the occupational classification systems being created to track the growth of green jobs, and the education and training efforts that have been implemented to prepare US workers for employment in green industries. It closes with a set of recommendation and conclusions.

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    Organization(s): ILO

    Partner(s): UNEP, European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, International Employers Organization, International Trade Union Confederation

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Governance – General, Policy Instruments, Capacity Development, Green Jobs/Economy, Environment, Labour

  • Skills for Green Jobs in Uganda

    This analytical report presents the component of a multi-country research project identifying skills for green jobs of Uganda. It notices that Uganda, like other developing countries, has not effectively responded towards mitigating and preventing environmental challenges, notably climate change. The cost of inaction by the majority of institutions mandated to protect the environment has led to the country becoming more vulnerable. The emerging “green” employment areas are discussed, along with their skills and knowledge gaps and potential for greening the economy.

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    Organization(s): ILO

    Partner(s): UNEP, European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, International Employers Organization, International Trade Union Confederation, Countryside Innovations Network Ltd.

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Governance – General, Policy Instruments, Capacity Development, Green Jobs/Economy, Environment, Labour

  • State and Trends of the Carbon Market 2010

    This technical report presents an assessment of the state of the Carbon Market in 2010. It unerlines that the carbon market endured its most challenging year to date in 2009 because of the global economic crisis that negatively impacted both the demand and supply sides of the market. As industrial output plummeted, the demand for carbon assets fell. On the supply side the financial crisis spurred financial institutions and private investors to deleverage and redirect their positions away from risky investments. As a result, many project developers found it impossible to lock in finance and project origination effectively ground to a halt.

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    Organization(s): WB

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Financial Mechanisms, Carbon Financing and CDM, Mitigation, Economic and Development Planning, Finance

  • Staying on Track: Tackling Corruption Risks in Climate Change

    This analytical report focuses on corruption risks involved with adaptation and REDD+. On adaptation, the report outlines three corruption risk areas: State capture and abuse of discretion; bribery, clientelism and cronyism leading to poorly designed programmes; and petty corruption in programme delivery. For REDD+, the authors highlight: powerful individuals or lobby groups influencing the design of national REDD+ frameworks; petty corruption, political corruption and grand corruption in the implementation phase resulting in fraudulent documentation and disregarding breaches of REDD+ laws; and corruption affecting the distribution of REDD+ revenues. Recommendations to reduce these risks are also included.

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    Organization(s): UNDP

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Governance – General, Adaptation, REDD, Economic and Development Planning

  • Strengthening Climate Change Adaptation through Effective Disaster Risk Reduction

    This analytical report aims to show that climate change adaptation relies on the reduction and management of climate-related disaster risks and why both need to become central to development planning and investment. It builds on empirical evidence that illustrates how climate risks are constructed and which risks can be reduced cost-effectively.

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    Organization(s): UNISDR

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Adaptation, Risk Reduction/Management

  • Study on Local Manufacturing of Renewable Energy Technology Components in East Africa

    This technical document aims to assess the potential of local manufacturing of technology components of two renewable energy technology applications, namely biomass gasifier for heating applications and solar photovoltaic technology applications. The two East African countries that have been selected for the study are Uganda and Ethiopia. This report consists of a detailed assessment of both technologies and relevant policy recommendations, cost benefit analysis, mapping and prioritising.

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    Organization(s): UNIDO

    Partner(s): The Energy and Resources Institute

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Governance – General, Policy Instruments, Technology, Economic Analysis, Agriculture and Food, Industry, Energy

  • Supporting Countries to Get Ready for REDD+

    This leaflet introduces the United Nations Collaborative Programme on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Developing Countries (UN-REDD). The Programme provides guidance on how best to design and implement REDD+ and to ensure that forests continue to provide multiple benefits for livelihoods and biodiversity to societies while storing carbon at the same time.

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    Organization(s): FAO, UNDP, UNEP

    Type of material:Other

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English, French, Spanish

    Topic(s): Carbon Financing and CDM, REDD, Economic and Development Planning, Forestry

  • Sustainable Forest Management & REDD+ Investment Program

    This activity report describes the GEF investment programme for sustainable forest management (SFM) and for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries. It discusses conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of carbon stocks (REDD+), as well as opportunities for funding of forest-related activities in the fifth GEF cycle (GEF-5). Also available in Portuguese.

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    Organization(s): GEF

    Type of material:Activity Report

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English, French, Spanish

    Topic(s): Financial Mechanisms, REDD, Finance, Forestry

  • Synthesis Report on the National Adaptation Programme of Action Process, Including Operation of the Least Developed Countries Fund

    This analytical report synthesizes the information provided by Parties and relevant organizations on the preparation and implementation of national adaptation programmes of action (NAPAs), including on accessing funds from the Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF). It provides a review of the status of implementation of the least developed countries work programme, NAPAs and the operation of the LDCF. It includes experiences gained and lessons learned in the preparation and implementation of NAPAs and on accessing funds from the LDCF, as well as challenges, barriers and possible areas for improvement.

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    Organization(s): UNFCCC

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Capacity Development, Adaptation

  • Synthesis Report on the National Economic, Environment and Development Study (NEEDS) for Climate Change Project

    This activity report facilitates the identification of priority mitigation and adaptation measures by the participating countries, in line with their national sustainable development strategies, and how these measures can be effectively supported financially by public and private sector funding, multilateral initiatives, carbon markets and other sources of funding or investment.

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    Organization(s): UNFCCC

    Type of material:Activity Report

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Financial Mechanisms, COP22 List of UN Publications, Adaptation, Mitigation, Economic and Development Planning, Finance

  • Synthesis Report on Ways to Enhance the Engagement of Observer Organizations

    This policy document synthesizes the proposals made by Parties and observer organizations on ways to enhance the engagement of observer organizations. These include a range of proposals in relation to substantive inputs, admissions and access, registration and organizational issues, the role of constituencies, guidelines for participation, and practices taken from other processes. The report also reviews the background of observer engagement in the UNFCCC process, as well as previous consideration by the Subsidiary Body for Implementation of ways to enhance the effectiveness of this engagement.

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    Organization(s): UNFCCC

    Type of material:Policy Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Public Participation, Policy Instruments

  • Technologies for Climate Change Adaptation – Coastal Erosion and Flooding

    This manual covers thirteen major adaptation technologies that reduce impacts of coastal erosion and flooding due to climate change. For each technology, the authors present a technology description, its advantages and disadvantages, costs and benefits, institutional organisation requirements and detailed examples about its application. This guidebook is intended to be a practical tool for use by coastal zone managers in developing countries. The aim is to provide best practice guidance and assist these managers in assessing their evolving adaptation needs and help them to prepare action plans for adapting to climate change in the coastal zone.

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    Organization(s): GEF, UNEP

    Partner(s): University of Southampton

    Type of material:Guidance Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Governance – General, Policy Instruments, Adaptation, Technology, Ecosystems, Water

  • Technology Development and Transfer for Climate Change: A Survey of Activities by United Nations System Organizations

    This activity report provides an updated non-comprehensive overview of the range of related United Nations activities aimed at promoting technology development and transfer and considers some opportunities for enhancing the United Nation’s role in this critical area. The survey highlights the major efforts of United Nations system organizations, the types of activity and the extent of their coverage. It also presents a number of areas which could offer effective opportunities for enhancing the United Nations system’s engagement.

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    Organization(s): UNIDO

    Partner(s): UNDESA

    Type of material:Activity Report

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Governance – General, Capacity Development, Financial Mechanisms, Adaptation, Mitigation, Technology, Finance, Energy, Environment

  • The BioCarbon Fund Experience: Insights from Afforestation/Reforestation (A/R) Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) Projects

    This document presents the BioCarbon Fund (BioCF), a public-private initiative, housed within the World Bank’s Carbon Finance Unit, mobilizing resources for pioneering projects that sequester or conserve carbon in forest and agro-ecosystems, mitigating climate change and improving rural livelihoods.

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    Organization(s): WB

    Type of material:Other

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Financial Mechanisms, Carbon Financing and CDM, Mitigation

  • The Clean Development Mechanism Executive Board Annual Report 2010

    This activity report presents a summary of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) challenges and successes in 2010. It is stressed that the year has seen a comprehensive effort to deal with key challenges: clearer, simpler procedures and requirements have been adopted, together with more challenging targets and timelines; the secretariat’s programme that supports the CDM was restructured; and dialogue with and between stakeholders was increased.

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    Organization(s): UNFCCC

    Type of material:Activity Report

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Governance – General, Carbon Financing and CDM, Mitigation, Finance

  • The Contribution of the Clean Development Mechanism under the Kyoto Protocol to Technology Transfer

    The analytical report analyzes the technology transfer claims made by project participants in the project design documents (PDDs) of the 4,984 projects that were in the CDM pipeline as of 30 June 2010. The findings of the study show the extent of technology transfer, as well as the change that has occurred as the use of the CDM by host parties matures. The study also shows the change in the rate of technology transfer over time as the use of the CDM matures. It indicates that technology transfer was more common during the early years of the CDM than it is today.

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    Organization(s): UNFCCC

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): COP22 List of UN Publications, Financial Mechanisms, Carbon Financing and CDM, Technology

  • The Economics of Adaptation to Climate Change - Synthesis Report

    This analytical report sits at the apex of a global study report and seven country case study reports. The report highlights that eliminating poverty is central to both development and adaptation, since poverty exacerbates vulnerability to weather variability as well as climate change. It argues that investments should start with low-regret options, with measures that tackle the weather risks that countries already face, such as increased investment in water storage in drought-prone basins or protection against storms and flooding in coastal zones and/or urban areas.

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    Organization(s): WB

    Partner(s): Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands, Department for International Development of the United Kingdom, Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Adaptation, Economic and Development Planning, Water

  • The Emissions Gap Report

    This technical report spotlights the size of "emissions gap" between where countries might be in 2020 versus where the science indicates they need to be. According to the report, countries have the chance to reduce emissions to 49 gigatons of carbon dioxide equivalent by 2020, 60% of the reductions needed to keep global temperatures under a 2ºC rise, if Copenhagen Accord pledges are fully met. This would leave a gap of around 5 gigatons of carbon dioxide equivalent to be bridged over the next decade. Reflecting on the results of the report, recommendations are provided.

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    Organization(s): UNEP

    Partner(s): European Climate Foundation, Mexico National Institute of Ecology-SEMARNAT

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Policy Instruments, COP22 List of UN Publications, Science, Mitigation, Green Jobs/Economy, Economic and Development Planning

  • The Essential Role and Global Importance of Radio Spectrum Use for Earth Observations and for Related Applications

    This technical document analyzes possible means to improve the recognition of the essential role and global importance of Earth observation radiocommunication applications and the knowledge and understanding of administrations regarding the utilization and benefits of these applications. It includes an extensive overview of the use of spectrum by Earth observation radiocommunication applications. It also provides an overview of solar radio monitoring applications and describes the benefits from spectrum use by the radio astronomy and space research.

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    Organization(s): ITU

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Capacity Development, Science, Technology, Economic and Development Planning, Environment

  • The Ethical Implications of Global Climate Change

    This analytical report aims to make explicit the ethical implications of global climate change. It is not always clear how to conceptualize many of the ethical questions raised by the various effects of global climate change, and on what basis to choose between different conceptualizations. It is also not always clear how to interpret the common but differentiated responsibilities that international organizations, states, governments, non-governmental organizations, businesses, or individuals may have in responding to global climate change. It is with this kind of uncertainty in mind that this report was drafted, in particular to offer some guidelines in a situation where few if any are obvious.

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    Organization(s): UNESCO

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Governance – General, Policy Instruments, Capacity Development

  • The IFAD Adaptive Approach to Participatory Mapping - Design and Delivery of Participatory Mapping Projects

    This analytical report tackles participatory mapping as a contribution to addressing conflict-related issues and improving community ownership in sustainable natural resource management for enhanced rural poverty reduction. Thus, an overall framework for the implementation of participatory mapping processes within IFAD-supported projects becomes critical to ensuring that the potential of this methodology is fully explored. This report provides a comprehensive overview of such a framework. It outlines the actions needed at each step of the project cycle for the implementation of participatory mapping processes in IFAD programmes and projects. Finally, it builds on an initial review that identifies core principles of good participatory mapping processes, and on knowledge captured from visits to ILC and IFAD projects.

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    Organization(s): IFAD

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Public Participation, Capacity Development, Adaptation, Technology, Children, Gender, Emergency Preparedness and Response, Education, Land Use Management

  • The Kyoto Protocol Mechanisms: International Emissions Trading, Clean Development Mechanism, Joint Implementation

    This brochure introduces the three market-mechanisms to reduce greenhouse gas emissions included in the Kyoto Protocol: international emissions trading (IET), the clean development mechanism (CDM) and joint implementation (JI). The document briefly describes them and presents important elements for their implementation.

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    Organization(s): UNFCCC

    Type of material:Other

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Financial Mechanisms, Carbon Financing and CDM, Mitigation

  • The Potential for Scale and Sustainability in Weather Index Insurance for Agriculture and Rural Livelihoods

    This analytical report discusses the potential for scale and sustainability in weather index insurance for agriculture and rural livelihoods and identifies eight key principles. It includes nine case studies - Mexico, India, Ethiopia, China, Canada, United States, Ukraine and Brazil - on index insurance programmes and outlines how donors and governments can support the sector.

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    Organization(s): IFAD

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Financial Mechanisms, Risk Reduction/Management, Agriculture and Food, Land Use Management

  • The Role of Ecosystems in Developing a Sustainable "Green Economy"

    This policy document is aimed at the general public, politicians, businesses and organizations that influence the development of policies and strategies in economics, climate change mitigation and adaptation, poverty alleviation, natural resource use and biodiversity conservation. It is intended to stimulate discussion and debate as to how societies can avoid degrading the natural environment and the wealth of valuable benefits it provides, and instead promote and utilise healthy ecosystems to support a sustainable and more climate-resilient future for people around the world.

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    Organization(s): UNEP

    Type of material:Policy Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Adaptation, Mitigation, Biodiversity, Ecosystems

  • The Social and Decent Work Dimensions of a New Agreement on Climate Change

    This analytical report highlights the close inter-linkages between climate change and the world of work. It aims to promote a better understanding between both spheres and greater coherence between climate, social and labour policies.

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    Organization(s): ILO

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): International Law and Policy, COP22 List of UN Publications, Green Jobs/Economy, Economic and Development Planning

  • The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture

    This analytical report presents and analyzes the state of the world fisheries and aquaculture. Fisheries and aquaculture remain important sources of food, nutrition, income and livelihoods for hundreds of millions of people around the world. It provides an informed, balanced and comprehensive analysis of global fisheries and aquaculture data and related issues.

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    Organization(s): FAO

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Adaptation, Agriculture and Food, Trade, Water

  • The UN-REDD Programme in Action

    This video introduces the  United Nations Collaborative Programme on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Developing Countries (UN-REDD), a collaborative initiative implemented by three United Nations agencies - FAO, UNDP and UNEP - with the aim to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation.

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    Organization(s): FAO, UNDP, UNEP

    Type of material:Audio/Visual Resource

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Mitigation, REDD, Agriculture and Food, Forestry

  • The UNESCO Climate Change Initiative

    This policy document introduces the UNESCO Climate Change Initiative. This was launched by Director-General Irina Bokova in Copenhagen during the 15th Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and seeks to reinforce the scientific, mitigation and adaptation capacities of countries and communities that are most vulnerable to the effects of climate change. The Initiative is based on four thematic areas: scientific, educational, environmental and ethical.

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    Organization(s): UNESCO

    Type of material:Policy Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Capacity Development, Education, Environment

  • The UNESCO Climate Change Initiative

    This brochure briefly presents the UNESCO Climate Change Initiative. It includes four core thematic areas: science, education, ecology, and ethics.

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    Organization(s): UNESCO

    Type of material:Other

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Capacity Development, Science, Adaptation, Mitigation

  • The World Meteorological Organization - 60 Ways WMO Makes a Difference

    This activity report, which was published on the occasion of the WMO's 60th anniversary, spells out 60 ways that WMO makes a difference in peoples’ lives. It illustrates the critical role that WMO and the National Meteorological and Hydrological Services of its 189 Members play in addressing climate change and outlines the impacts of WMO's activities in diverse sectors such as transport, water and health.

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    Organization(s): WMO

    Type of material:Activity Report

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Capacity Development, Science, Risk Reduction/Management, Biodiversity, Emergency Preparedness and Response, Agriculture and Food, Transport, Health, Energy, Water, Environment, Security and Defence

  • The WTO Trips Agreement – a Practical Overview for Climate Change Policymakers

    This guidance document endeavours to present the provisions of the TRIPS Agreement that are most relevant. A spectrum of views has been expressed as to whether IPRs present a barrier to technology development, diffusion and transfer in developing countries, whether the IP system is an essential mechanism for technology development and diffusion, and the scope and implications for technology diffusion of existing international standards. 

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    Organization(s): WTO

    Type of material:Guidance Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): COP22 List of UN Publications, Technology, Trade

  • Tomorrow Today

    This book sets out the opportunities and emerging challenges in the area of sustainable development and climate change, and identifies innovative means for addressing them. The diverse voices in this book demonstrate that reorienting education systems in line with the principles of sustainable development is essential for helping learners to understand and act upon such threats as climate change, poverty, food scarcity and the loss of biodiversity. This book provides some answers as to how, through education, a better future for all can be prepared.

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    Organization(s): UNESCO

    Partner(s): FAO, UNCCD, UNECE, UNEP, UNESCAP, UNFPA, UNHABITAT, UNICEF, UNU, WFP, Asian & Pacific Training Centre for Information and Communication Technology for Development, Australian Research Institute in Education for Sustainability, Bay of Bengal Programme Inter-Governmental Organisation, Centre for Environment Education, Foundation for Liberal and Management Education, Handong Global University, Hong Kong Institute of Education, Indian National Commission for Cooperation with UNESCO, Institute of Sustainable Education, Latvia, Manitoba Education, Mercy Relief, National Institute of Education, Singapore, Qatar University, Rhodes University, RMIT University, SADC Regional Environmental Education Programme, Science, Technology and Environment Partnership Centre (STEP), Brunei, SEAMEO-RIHED, Shangri-La International Hotel Management Ltd., Sultan Idris Education University, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Universiti Sains Malaysia, University of Crete, University of Plymouth, Tudor Rose

    Type of material:Other

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Capacity Development, Green Jobs/Economy, Children, Agriculture and Food, Economic and Development Planning, Health, Education, Environment

  • Tool for Selecting CDM Methodologies and Technologies

    The aim of the tool is to fill a knowledge gap within the CDM and provide CDM stakeholders with an overview of technologies, the applicable methodologies and a general perspective, through concentrated statistics of all CDM project types in any given sector. The tool aims to provide: easy access to a complete overview of all methodology options based on the specific project characteristics; easy access to general economic sector overviews, the relevant technologies applied in a given sector for emission reductions and statistics on CDM projects in the sector; and a discussion forum that provides a platform for practitioners to exchange experience on the practical application of methodologies for specific technologies.

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    Organization(s): UNEP

    Partner(s): European Union

    Type of material:Other

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Capacity Development, Financial Mechanisms, Carbon Financing and CDM, Mitigation

  • Transfer of Environmentally Sound Technologies: Case Studies from the GEF Climate Change Portfolio

    This manual encompasses and shares lessons learned from key technologies and mechanisms that the Global Environment Facility (GEF) has supported to date, encompassing renewable energy, energy efficiency, sustainable transport, and innovative financing. Case studies on fuel cell buses, concentrating solar power, and wind energy are examples of how GEF support spurs innovation in developing and transition countries. The brick-making program highlights how energy efficiency can be improved drastically, and be scaled up through South-South technology transfer. The innovative financing case study illustrates the merits of financial instruments in promoting investments for technology transfer. This manual also hopes to raise a deeper awareness of efforts to catalyze technology transfer, and to inspire the readers to scale up efforts to address climate change challenges in partnership with the GEF.

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    Organization(s): GEF

    Type of material:Guidance Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Capacity Development, Financial Mechanisms, Science, Adaptation, Mitigation, Technology, Trade, Finance, Transport, Education, Energy, Environment

  • UN System Supporting Adaptation in an Enhanced Adaptation Regime

    This analytical report presents the concerted action taken by the UN system to assist people and communities in developing countries to adapt to climate change through: (i) risks, impacts and vulnerability assessment; (ii) adaptation planning, including creating an enabling environment; (iii) the implementation of adaptation measures, which includes UNISDR's work on climate change related disaster risk reduction and risk sharing; (iv) awareness raising; and (v) knowledge sharing and facilitate learning. 

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    Organization(s): CEB

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Capacity Development, Adaptation, Risk Reduction/Management, Economic and Development Planning

  • UN-REDD Programme: 2009 Year in Review

    This activity report presents activities, progress and achievements of the United Nations Collaborative Programme on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Developing Countries (UN-REDD) in 2009. In March 2009, the UN-REDD Programme launched the initial readiness process in 9 pilot countries. By the end of the same year a total of US$24 million had been approved by the Policy Board for quick start action for country programmes to prepare national REDD+ strategies, engage stakeholders and develop measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) systems. At the global level, the UN-REDD Programme made a number of significant contributions in the area of  MRV, engagement of indigenous peoples and civil society in REDD+ activities, promotion of the multiple benefits of forests, and strengthening interagency collaboration.

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    Organization(s): FAO, UNDP, UNEP

    Partner(s): Government of Norway

    Type of material:Activity Report

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English, French, Spanish

    Topic(s): Governance – General, REDD, Education, Forestry

  • UNEP 2009 Annual Report - Seizing the Green Opportunity

    This activity report provides an overview of UNEP's activities in 2009 carried out by the organization as it follows its mandate to provide environmental leadership and promote sustainable development. Taking the theme of "Seizing the Green Opportunity", the report provides an overview of UNEP's activities in 2009 through the green economy lens. Highlights of the year include the emergence of green growth initiatives around the world, the innovative approaches to address climate change and ecosystem loss, and the renewed efforts to strengthen international environmental governance.

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    Organization(s): UNEP

    Type of material:Activity Report

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish

    Topic(s): Governance – General, Green Jobs/Economy, Technology, Biodiversity, Ecosystems, Chemicals and Waste, Finance, Transport, Energy, Environment

  • UNEP Six Priority Areas Factsheets - Climate Change

    This factsheet presents the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)'s strategies and activities to address climate change. The Climate Change sub-programme focuses on strengthening the ability of countries, particularly developing countries, to integrate climate change responses into national development processes. The sub-programme has four key goals: adapting to climate change, mitigating climate change, reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD), and enhancing knowledge and communication. A list of key projects is included.

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    Organization(s): UNEP

    Type of material:Other

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English, French, Spanish

    Topic(s): Capacity Development, Adaptation, Mitigation, REDD, Ecosystems, Forestry

  • UNEP Year Book 2010 - New Science and Developments in Our Changing Environment

    This analytical report provides an overview of new environmental science and recent developments in our changing environment. It looks at progress in environmental governance, the effects of continuing degradation and loss of the world’s ecosystems, and the impacts of climate change. It also analyzes how harmful substances and hazardous waste affect human health and the environment and discusses environmentally related disasters and conflicts and unsustainable use of resources. The chapters correspond to the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)’s six thematic priorities.

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    Organization(s): UNEP

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish

    Topic(s): Governance – General, Policy Instruments, Science, Adaptation, Mitigation, Risk Reduction/Management, Emergency Preparedness and Response, Chemicals and Waste, Energy, Environment

  • Universal Ownership: Why Environmental Externalities Matter to Institutional Investors

    This technical document calculates the cost of global environmental damage and examines its importance for the economy, capital markets, companies and institutional investors. According to the publication, costs associated with environmental externalities are high and increasing. Environmental costs are caused by greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, overuse of water, pollution and unsustainable natural resource use. The publication presents annual environmental costs for the global economy in 2008 and projected costs for 2050.

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    Organization(s): UNEP

    Partner(s): Principles for Responsible Investment

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Financial Mechanisms, Finance, Environment

  • University Seminar – Workshop on Strengthening Climate Change in Planning Education

    This activity report collects the proceedings of a university seminar workshop entitled “Strengthening Climate Change in Planning Education” held from 1-5 March 2010 at Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines. This seminar-workshop specifically sought to mainstream climate change into the existing syllabi and curricula of the University of Philippines School of Urban and Regional Planning and to eventually provide continuing professional education/development for urban planners and practitioners at the local level, particularly among local government units and at the regional level, specifically in Asia and the Pacific.

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    Organization(s): UNHABITAT

    Partner(s): University of Philippines School of Urban and Regional Planning

    Type of material:Activity Report

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Capacity Development, Education

  • Using Ecosystems to Address Climate Change – Ecosystem Based Adaptation

    This analytical report addresses climate change threats to marine and coastal ecosystems around the world and the need to manage ecosystems so that they continue to serve to people that depend on the services provided by them. It describes the "Ecosystem-based Adaptation" (EbA) approach, that values and uses ecological services and biodiversity, gives some policy recommendations for governments to consider ecosystem-based adaptation options as an integral component of disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation strategies, and describes the benefits of ecosystem-based adaptation through case studies in Mexico, Jamaica, South Africa, Vietnam.

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    Organization(s): UNEP

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Adaptation, Ecosystems, Water

  • Using ICTs to Tackle Climate Change

    This analytical report highlights that Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) can be used in a number of ways to meet the requirements of the three main pillars of the Bali Action Plan arising from COP-13 in December 2007. These are: enhanced action on adaptation, cooperative action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and actions on mitigation of climate change. ICTs can address these and the problems that all countries (particularly developing countries) face with respect to climate change. ICTs can be used to mitigate the impact of other sectors on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and to help countries adapt to climate change.

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    Organization(s): ITU

    Partner(s): Global e-Sustainability Initiative

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Governance – General, Policy Instruments, Capacity Development, Adaptation, Mitigation, Green Jobs/Economy, Technology, Chemicals and Waste, Agriculture and Food, Forestry, Energy, Water, Environment

  • Using Submarine Communications Networks to Monitor the Climate

    This analytical report gives an overview of how old and new submarine cables could be used for decades to come as a major resource and a real-time global network to monitor climate change and to provide tsunami warnings. It highlights that  future generations of cables and associated components could have the capacity to directly measure climate variables, such as water temperature, salinity and pressure on the ocean floor. 

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    Organization(s): ITU

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Policy Instruments, Capacity Development, Science, Adaptation, Mitigation, Technology, Emergency Preparedness and Response, Industry, Water, Environment

  • Vital Climate Change Graphics for Latin America and the Caribbean

    This technical document depicts the major signs of climate change and its physical impacts in Latin America and the Caribbean, drawing on historical analysis of variables such as temperature, precipitation and sea levels. In addition, it details the effects of climate change on ecosystem services, human health and the region’s vulnerability to extreme events. Lastly, it provides an analysis of global and regional greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and identifies possible options in the region for mitigating the impact of climate change.

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    Organization(s): UNEP

    Partner(s): UNECLAC

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Science, Adaptation, Mitigation

  • Vulnerability and Adaptation to Climate Change: Initial Assessment, Progress, Gaps and Potential Guidelines for Action in Mesoamerica

    This analytical report aims to support the collection and analysis of information needed for the formulation and adoption of climate change adaptation policies in the Mesoamerican region. The document is divided into two parts. The first presents a summary of key findings on the vulnerability of the region and the adaptation process in motion. This part includes identification of projects and adaptation measures, actors and financial cooperation as well as an analysis of information gaps. The second part presents recommendations for possible cooperation on adaption in the sub-region. These recommendations range from the adoption of policies and sectoral plans to definition of strategies for funding and participation in international negotiations.

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    Organization(s): IDB

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): Spanish

    Topic(s): Governance – General, Adaptation, Risk Reduction/Management, Ecosystems, Agriculture and Food, Economic and Development Planning, Finance, Health, Water

  • Waste and Climate Change: Global Trends and Strategy Framework

    This analytical report estimates that the emissions contribution of the waste sector is roughly 3-5%, but notes that reliability of calculation methods and data between countries vary, with uncertainty ranging from 10-30% in developed countries to 60% in developing countries. The report stresses that the waste sector is well placed to cut its contribution to global man-made greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and even become an emissions saver. It presents recommendations and highlights the potential to decouple waste production from economic growth through Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects focusing on landfill gases.

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    Organization(s): UNEP

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Carbon Financing and CDM, Mitigation, Chemicals and Waste, Industry

  • What Woodfuels Can Do to Mitigate Climate Change

    This analytical report explores the scope and potential for woodfuels to replace fossil fuels thereby contributing to climate change mitigation. The implications of woodfuel development for mitigation, the current woodfuel offset mechanisms in place and their possible emissions reduction were analysed. Many barriers have been identified that preclude the full use of this mitigation potential. Policy reforms to encourage environmental sustainability, increased productivity, improved infrastructure and planning are stressed as essential elements for large-scale implementation.

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    Organization(s): FAO

    Partner(s): Stockholm Environment Institute

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Carbon Financing and CDM, Mitigation, Forestry, Energy

  • WMO Greenhouse Gas Bulletin (GHG Bulletin) - N°6: The State of Greenhouse Gases in the Atmosphere Based on Global Observations through 2009

    This bulletin reports on the atmospheric burdens and rates of change of the most important long-lived greenhouse gases (LLGHGs) – carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, CFC-12 and CFC-11 – and provides a summary of the contributions of the other gases.

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    Organization(s): WMO

    Type of material:Other

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): COP22 List of UN Publications, Science, Environment

  • WMO Statement on the Status of the Global Climate in 2009

    This technical document is part of an annual series published by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) on the status of the global climate. A key result of the present issue is that the period 2000–2009 was the warmest decade on record since the beginning of modern instrumental measurements around 1850. The document includes inter alia information on regional temperature anomalies, heatwaves and cold waves, droughts, storms and flooding.

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    Organization(s): WMO

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): COP22 List of UN Publications, Science, Water, Environment

  • WMR 2010 Background Paper: Climate Change and International Migration

    The World Migration Report 2010, draws upon the findings of 19 background papers, prepared by distinguished migration experts. They focus on a range of different policy themes and geographical regions, providing a global perspective on the future of migration, and the capacities which are likely to be needed to manage migration successfully in the coming years.

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    Organization(s): IOM

    Type of material:Activity Report

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): COP22 List of UN Publications, Migration and Refugees

  • Woodfuels and Climate Change Mitigation: Case Studies from Brazil, India and Mexico

    This technical document examines the scope and potential for wood fuels to replace fossil fuels thereby contributing to climate change mitigation in three countries – Brazil, India and Mexico. The potential for and implications of wood fuel development for climate change mitigation is analyzed. The publication also presents the current woodfuel offset mechanisms in place and their relative emissions reduction potentials.

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    Organization(s): FAO

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Carbon Financing and CDM, Mitigation, Forestry, Energy

  • World Development Report 2010 : Development and Climate Change

    This analytical report explores how public policy can change to better help people cope with new or worsened risks, how land and water management must adapt to better protect a threatened natural environment while feeding an expanding and more prosperous population, and how energy systems will need to be transformed. It also examines how to integrate development realities into climate policy ─ in international agreements, in instruments to generate carbon finance, and in steps to promote innovation and the diffusion of new technologies.

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    Organization(s): WB

    Partner(s): Development Economics, Sustainable Development Network, Government of Norway, UK Department for International Development, Government of Denmark, Government of Germany, Swedish Government through Biodiversity Centre/Swedish International Biodiversity Programme, Trust Fund for Environmentally & Socially Sustainable Development, Multi-donor Programmatic Trust Fund, Knowledge for Change Program

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): International Law and Policy, Governance – General, Financial Mechanisms, Science, Adaptation, Mitigation, Technology, Risk Reduction/Management, Economic and Development Planning, Land Use Management, Energy, Water

  • Youth Participation in the UNFCCC Negotiation Process: The United Nations, Young People, and Climate Change

    This analytical report contains information on some of the many climate change initiatives – projects, campaigns, educational, tools, websites and publications – produced by the United Nations and young people. They ranged from global initiatives raising awareness for combating climate change to advocacy efforts at the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) negotiations. This publication is intended to inform governments, intergovernmental organizations (IGOs), non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and young people on how youth participation has taken place at sessions of the UNFCCC starting with COP 5, highlighting increased efforts by young people to advocate for effective solutions to tackle climate change.

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    Organization(s): UNFCCC

    Partner(s): United Nations Joint Framework Initiative on Children, Youth and Climate Change

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): International Law and Policy, Governance – General, Public Participation, Capacity Development, Adaptation, Mitigation

  • “Climate-Smart” Agriculture: Policies, Practices and Financing for Food Security, Adaptation and Mitigation

    This analytical report underlines that agriculture in developing countries must undergo a significant transformation in order to meet the related challenges of achieving food security and responding to climate change. This paper examines some of the key technical, institutional, policy and financial responses required to achieve this transformation. Building on case studies from the field, the report outlines a range of practices, approaches and tools aimed at increasing the resilience and productivity of agricultural production systems, while also reducing and removing emissions.

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    Organization(s): FAO

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2010

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Policy Instruments, Adaptation, Mitigation, Agriculture and Food, Finance, Land Use Management

  • "Confronting Climate Change": How Cooperatives Contribute to Meeting Today's Challenges

    This slide presentation shows how cooperatives can contribute to meeting global challenges. Ranging from small-scale to multi-million dollar businesses, cooperatives today employ some 100 million women and men in both industrialized and developing countries, and have more than 800 million individual members across the globe. 'Concern for Community' is one of the Cooperative Principles which guides the work of cooperatives around the world. Celebrated annually on the first Saturday of July, the 14th UN International Day of Cooperatives focuses this year on the significant contribution that cooperatives can make to mitigating climate change.

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    Organization(s): ILO

    Type of material:Slide Presentation

    Publication date:2009

    Language(s): English, French, Spanish

    Topic(s): Science, Mitigation, Green Jobs/Economy

  • 10 Frequently Asked Questions about the Copenhagen Deal

    This fact sheet presents the Copenhagen deal by answering 10 frequently asked questions about it. The document explains the main features of the Copenhagen deal and its position in the climate change governance framework. Furthermore, the fact sheet addresses the main issues surrounding its negotiation and adoption.

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    Organization(s): UNFCCC

    Type of material:Other

    Publication date:2009

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): International Law and Policy, Financial Mechanisms, Mitigation

  • 10 Years of Experience in Carbon Finance: Insights from Working with Carbon Markets for Development and Global Greenhouse Gas Mitigation

    This activity report presents the World Bank’s carbon finance operations and aims to highlight some of the most important lessons learned from the first ten years of experience. Carbon finance is an important revenue stream for greenhouse gas mitigation projects. However, there is still room for improvement. As it enters the second decade of carbon finance, the World Bank is taking stock of its experience and progress to date to inform future development and implementation of the mechanisms.

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    Organization(s): WB

    Type of material:Activity Report

    Publication date:2009

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Financial Mechanisms, Carbon Financing and CDM, Mitigation

  • 2009 Investor Statement on the Urgent Need for a Global Agreement on Climate Change

    This policy document presents an investor statement formalising the private sector’s requirement for a strong, binding framework to succeed the Kyoto Protocol. It stresses that clear, credible long-term policies are critical for investors to integrate climate change considerations into their decision-making processes and to support investment flows into a low-carbon economy and into measures for adaptation. It also argues that a timely post-2012 climate change agreement involving all countries and containing appropriate long- and medium-term emission reduction targets is essential to supporting investor confidence. 

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    Organization(s): UNEP

    Partner(s): Principles for Responsible Investment, United Nations Foundation, Institutional Investors Group on Climate Change, Investor Network on Climate Risk, Investor Group on Climate Change, ACSI, Carbon Disclosure Project, European Sustainable Investment Forum, Local Authority Pension Fund Forum, P8 Group, UK Sustainable Investment and Finance

    Type of material:Policy Document

    Publication date:2009

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): International Law and Policy, Governance – General, Policy Instruments, Financial Mechanisms, Carbon Financing and CDM, Adaptation, Mitigation, Green Jobs/Economy, Technology, Finance, Energy

  • A Case for Climate Neutrality - Case Studies on Moving Towards a Low Carbon Economy

    This activity report on climate neutrality draws upon the experiences of nearly 200 participants of the Climate Neutral Network (CN Net) led by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), which includes countries, regions, cities, companies and organizations that are moving towards low-carbon economies and societies. The 10 case studies presented examine the areas of transport, building and construction, food, banking and finance, media and advertising, event management, energy, and information and communication technologies.

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    Organization(s): UNEP

    Partner(s): Climate Neutral Network

    Type of material:Activity Report

    Publication date:2009

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Capacity Development, Green Jobs/Economy, Technology, Agriculture and Food, Finance, Industry, Transport, Energy

  • A Commitment to Act Now – Broadcast Media and Climate Change

    This brochure highlights the importance of communicating climate change to the broad public and the crucial role that can be played by journalists and the media in doing so. It presents the key points addressed during the first international conference on broadcast media and climate change organized by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), in partnership with the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), on 4-5 September 2009. It also includes the Paris Declaration adopted by the conference participants.

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    Organization(s): UNEP, UNESCO

    Type of material:Other

    Publication date:2009

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Governance – General, Public Participation, Adaptation, Mitigation, Environment

  • A Global Green New Deal

    This policy document presents a “Global Green New Deal” (GGND) to create a post-recession economy that is sustainable in the medium to longer term. GGND has three broad objectives. In the short term, it should make a major contribution to reviving the world economy, saving and creating jobs, and protecting vulnerable groups. In the medium term, it should promote sustainable and inclusive growth and the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Also in the medium term, it must reduce carbon dependency and ecosystem degradation.

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    Organization(s): UNEP

    Type of material:Policy Document

    Publication date:2009

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Green Jobs/Economy, Technology, Trade, Industry, Energy

  • A Green, Integrated Community

    This activity report presents the details of the winner of the Habitat Business award for 2009: China Merchants Property Development Co. This company impressed the jury and was awarded the Habitat Business award in 2009 for its development of “The Hills” project to reduce carbon emissions and environment pollution, which is described as “a green, creative and international community."

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    Organization(s): UNHABITAT

    Type of material:Activity Report

    Publication date:2009

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Mitigation

  • A Guide to Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction in UN Organizations

    This manual provides an overview of the various approaches to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases across different areas of work and between different United Nations (UN) organizations. Not only does this publication offer a generic model on how to approach emissions reductions, it also provides an introduction to basic concepts, reduction options (e.g. finding alternatives to air travel, as it is found that in most UN organizations air travel generates the vast majority of greenhouse gas emissions) and advice on how to get started. The manual is of particular reference to UN staff and policy makers looking for an introduction to emissions reductions.

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    Organization(s): UNEP

    Type of material:Guidance Document

    Publication date:2009

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Policy Instruments, Mitigation, Green Jobs/Economy, Industry, Transport

  • A New Climate for Forests - GEF Action on Sustainable Forest

    This activity report is intended to shed light on the Global Environment Facility (GEF) experience in sustainable forestry management. It also puts forward guiding ideas on how to build on GEF comparative advantages in financing forests in the coming years, as these invaluable, threatened resources occupy center stage in multiple international agendas.

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    Organization(s): GEF

    Type of material:Activity Report

    Publication date:2009

    Language(s): English, French, Spanish

    Topic(s): Adaptation, Mitigation, Land Use Management, Forestry

  • A Polycentric Approach for Coping with Climate Change

    This analytical document argues that policies adopted only at a global scale are unlikely to generate sufficient trust among citizens and firms so that collective climate action can take place. As an alternative, the paper proposes a polycentric approach at various levels with active oversight of local, regional, and national stakeholders.

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    Organization(s): WB

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2009

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Governance – Territorial and Local, Adaptation, Economic Analysis, Green Jobs/Economy, Mitigation, Population Dynamics, Science, Energy, Environment, Finance

  • A Primer on CDM Programme of Activities

    This technical document sheds light on the basic aspects of designing, developing and implementing GHG emissions reductions under the concept of Programme of Activities (PoAs). The publication clarifies some common misconceptions about CDM Programs (PoAs) and includes recommendations for the identification of stakeholders and contracting. Its principal goal is to enrich the reader's understanding of what it takes to deliver certified emission reductions from PoAs.

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    Organization(s): UNEP

    Partner(s): Risø DTU National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands

    Type of material:Analytical/Technical Document

    Publication date:2009

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Carbon Financing and CDM, Finance

  • A Summary of the “Guide to Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction in UN Organizations” Report

    This document presents a summary of the Guide to Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction in UN Organizations, published by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) in 2009. It includes action checklists to support implementation of mitigation activities.

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    Organization(s): UNEP

    Type of material:Other

    Publication date:2009

    Language(s): English

    Topic(s): Mitigation, Industry, Transport

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